Page:A Compendium of Irish Biography.djvu/380
Algebraical Equations (1839). He died of cousumption, 12th March 1 843, aged about ■^j. Some time before his death, he was appointed Examiner in Mathematics at University College, London. "He had a true genius for the mathematical inven- tion ;" his habits, however, "made it im- possible for him to give his undivided attention to researches which, above all others, demand both peace of mind and undisturbed leisure. ^
Murray, Daniel, Archbishop of Dub- lin, was born at Sheepwalk, near Arklow, 1 8th April 1768. He received his ele- mentary education in Dublin, under Dr. Betagh, and completed his studies at the University of Salamanca. He was ordained priest in 1790, and appointed curate of Arklow, but was obliged to fly to Dublin in 1798, in consequence of the threats of the soldiery. He became coadjutor to Dr. Troy in 1809, and succeeded that prelate as Archbishop of Dublin in 1823. Dr. Mun-ay has been designated the " De Sales of Ireland, and the Borromeo of Dub- lin, combining, as he did, the meekness of St. Francis with the episcopal vigilance of St. Charles." He died in Dublin, 26th Feb- ruary 1852, aged 83. Archbishop Murray was a staunch supporter of the system of National Education, and he and Archbishop Whately were intimate friends. He was held in high esteem by Popes Gregory XVI. and Pius IX., and it is said to have been out of respect for him that the Papal condemnation of the Queen's Colleges was withheld during his lifetime. '^* '^^*
Murray, John, a Presbyterian minis- ter, was bom at Antrim, 22nd May 1742. He was educated at Edinburgh, and emi- grated to America when twenty-one. He entered with enthusiasm into support of the Revolution ; such was his eloquence that after one of his addresses a company was raised for Washington's army in two hour^. He acquired great ascendancy over the people of his district by his powers as a preacher and his patriotic activity. In 1780 he published a volume of Sermons on Justification, and in 179 1, one on Original Sin. The latter part of his life was passed at Newburyport, Massa- chusetts, where he died, 13th March 1793, aged 50. 37*
Murray, Nicholas, D.D., a distin- guished divine and author, was born at Ballinasloe, 25th December 1802. He went to the United States in 1818, and was apprenticed to the printing house of Harper Brothers. Subsequently he studied theology and became pastor of a Presbyte- rian church in Pennsylvania. In 1849 he was Moderator of the Presbyterian
General Assembly. He was the author of numerous works on archaeology and social statistics, travels, and sermons. Perhaps his correspondence with Arch- bishop Hughes on the doctrines and prac- tices of Catholicism brought him most prominently before the public. He died at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, 4th Feb- ruary 1 86 1, aged 58. ^^*
Musgrave, Sir Richard, Bart., was born in Ireland about 1757. He sat for Lismore from 1778 until the Union, and was a strenuous supporter of Government. In 1782 he was created a baronet. In the Cornwallis Correspondence will be found a letter from him to Secretary Cooke, under date i st November 1 799, hinting at the desirability of some place being secured to him before he gave his vote for the Union. He was appointed Receiver of Cus- toms in Dublin, with a salary of £1,200 a year. In 1801 appeai-ed his Memoirs of the Different ReheClions in Ireland, with maps and plans, chiefly dealing with the Insurrection of 1798. Three large editions were exhausted in a few months. The book contains many valuable particulars not to be found elsewhere ; but is, according to Lowndes, "a party work, abounding in misrepresentations" — not, however, more prejudiced than many written from an opposite standpoint. He displayed such animosity against the Catholics, and out- raged public decency so much by his defence of flogging and free-quarters, that, accord- ing to a long notice of the work in the Aoi- nual Biography, " the Irish government at length deemed it necessary to disown all connexion with the author ; and publicly disclaimed the idea of afibrding him either patronage or protection in future." In pri- vate life Sir Richard was greatly beloved. He died in Holies-street, Dublin, 7thApril 1818, aged6i. * '^ '?
Muspratt, James Sheridan, an emi- nent chemist, was born in Dublin, 8th March 1821, and educated in Liverpool, where his father established large chemical works. After travelling on the Continent, and managing print-works in Manchester for some years, he went to America. In 1843 he removed to Germany, and studied under Liebeg. In association with Hof- mann, he discovered some of the organic bases of the coal-tar dyes. In 1848 he married Susan Cushman, the American actress, and about 1850 he established a College of Chemistry in Liverpool, which was eminently successful in training prac- tical chemists. Besides numerous contri- butions to scientific papers, he translated Plattner's Treatise on the Blowpipe, and wrote Chemistry f Theoretical, Practical,