The following is the air as there given (see Burney, 'History,' iii. 89):—
[App. p.579 "the first line is an introduction to the tune proper. In bar 3 of the first line for G, F, read A, G."]In Chappell's 'Popular Music of the Olden Time' (p. 139) the tune is given to the words of 'The courteous carman and the amorous maid,' and is mentioned (p. 428) as suiting 'The country hostesses vindication.'
[ G. ]
[ J. M. ]
[ W. H. H. ]
CARNAVAL DE VENISE. This popular air, which was heard by Paganini at Venice, when he visited the Queen of the Adriatic in 1816, 1824, and 1826, and which his magic bow has made a favourite tune all over the world, is the effusion of an unknown musician probably of the end of the last century. Several talented composers have embroidered it, and all pianists have played the brilliant variations and fantasias written upon it by Herz and Schulhoff. It has been even introduced on the lyric stage. Ambroise Thomas has composed very clever variations on the tune for the overture to his opera 'Le Carnaval de Venise,' and Victor Massé, in his 'Reine Topaze,' introduces an air varié upon it to the words
'Venise est tout en fêtes,
Car voici le carnaval.'
In England it was for long known to the words
'O come to me, I'll row thee o'er
Across yon peaceful sea.'
The air, as given by Paganini, is as follows:—
[ G. C. ]
CAROL, see Hymn.CARON, Firmin, a composer of the 15th century, probably born about 1420. He is said by Tinctor to have been the scholar of Binchois or Dufay. The name is Flemish. Baini ('Palestrina') states that the Library of the Pope's Chapel possesses a MS. volume of masses by Caron, containing one on 'L'omme armé.' Caron also wrote secular songs, some of which were known to M. Fétis, who found them to surpass those of Ockenheim and Busnois in ease. One of them begins 'Helas! que pourra devenir.' Marco Fabrice, of Sermoneta, in Italy; author of 'Il Ballerino … con intavolatura di liuto, e il soprano della musica nella sonata di ciascun ballo' (Venice, 1581), valuable for the dance music which it contains. Giuseppe, poet and writer on music, born Jan. 28, 1752, at Villalbese, in the district of Brianza. His father destined him for the law, he studied at Milan and Padua, and practised under the celebrated advocate Villata at Milan. But he soon gave up the law, entered the society of artists and literary men, and indulged his natural taste for art. He had already written more than one comedy and several opera-libretti for the Italian stage, among others 'Camilla,' composed by Paër. In consequence of some violent articles against the French Revolution in the 'Gazetta di Milano,' of which he was editor from 1792–96, he had to leave Milan when it was taken by the French.