HOMOPHONE (ὁμόφωνος) [App. p.679 "Homophony"], voices or instruments sounding alike unison. The term is sometimes applied to music written in what was formerly called the Monodic style. [See Monodia.] But it is now ordinarily employed for music in plain harmony, the parts all sounding together, as opposed to the Polyphonic treatment, in which the several voices or parts move independently of each other or in imitation. Thus in Elijah, 'Cast thy burden' would in this laxer sense be called homophonic, while 'He that shall endure to the end' is polyphonic after the 6th bar. [Polyphone.]
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[ W. H. H. ]
HOOPER, Edmond, born at Halberton, Devon, probably about 1553, became connected with the choir of Westminster Abbey about 1582, and on Dec. 3, 1588, was appointed Master of the Children. He was one of the ten composers who harmonised the tunes for 'The Whole Booke of Psalms,' published by Este in 1592. On March 1, 1603–4 he was sworn a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal, and on May 9, 1606, was appointed organist of Westminster Abbey. Three anthems by him are printed in Barnard's collection, and six others, and a set of Preces Psalms and Responses are contained in Barnard's MS. collections in the Sacred Harmonic Society's library, and two anthems in the Tudway Collection (Harl. MSS. 7337 and 7340). He contributed two pieces to Leighton's 'Teares or Lamentacions,' 1614. He died July 14, 1621, and was buried July 16, in the cloisters of Westminster.His eldest son James, a lay vicar of Westminster, died Dec. 1651.
[ W. H. H. ]
HOPKINS, Edward John, born in Westminster, June 30, 1818, became in 1826 a chorister of the Chapel Royal under William Hawes. On quitting the choir in 1833 he studied under Thomas Forbes Walmisley. In 1834 he was chosen organist of Mitcham Church, in 38 organist of St. Peter's, Islington, and in 41 of St. Luke's, Berwick Street. In 43 he was appointed organist of the Temple Church, the musical service of which under his care has acquired great reputation. As an accompanyist he is quite unrivalled. Hopkins has composed several church services, anthems, chants, and psalm tunes. His anthems, 'Out of the deep,' and 'God is gone up,' obtained the Gresham prize medals in 1838 and 1840 respectively. He is also composer of 'May day' (duet) and 'Welcome' (trio), and author of 'The Organ, its History and Construction,' an excellent treatise published in conjunction with Dr. Rimbault's 'History of the Organ' in 1855; 2nd edit. 1870; 3rd edit. 1877. He edited Bonnet's 'Madrigals,' and Weelkes' 'First Set of Madrigals' for the Musical Antiquarian Society, and the music portion of 'The Temple Church Choral Service.'John Hopkins, his younger brother, born in Westminster in 1822, was a chorister of St. Paul's from Sept. 1831 to Sept. 1838. In August 1838 (before quitting the choir) he was appointed to succeed his brother as organist of Mitcham Church. He afterwards became successively organist of St. Stephen's, Islington, June 1839; St. Benet's, Paul's Wharf, July 1841; Trinity Church, Islington, May 1843; St. Mark's, Jersey, Feb. 1845; St. Michael's, Chester Square, 1846; and Epsom Church, Jan. 1854. In May 1856 he succeeded his cousin, John Larkin Hopkins, as organist of Rochester Cathedral, which he still holds. John Hopkins has composed services, anthems, chants, hymn