Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 2.djvu/417

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MOZART.

tie thoughtful expression of the eye rivets the

eholder ; the luxuriant silky hair, of which he

?as proud, is more truthfully rendered than

. any of his portraits ; and even the small sta-

ire is sufficiently indicated. Hofcapellmeister

ckert of Berlin (died Oct. 14, 1879), possessed

original, of which we have here attempted

. engraving.

��MOZART.

��405

���(9) Lange, Mozart's brother-in-law, drew him Bitting at the piano absorbed in improvisa- tion. The picture, complete only to the waist, was pronounced by his son Karl to be very like. It is now in the Mozarteum at Salzburg ; and a lithograph from it by Ed. Lehmann was pub- lished at Copenhagen. (10) The last of his portraits is a life-size half-length painted at Mayence in 1790 by Tischbein, given in Jahn (ii. 456) ; there is more intellect and refinement in it than in that by Posch, which, however, is more like.

The Mozart literature is copious; but it has been ably summarised by Jahn in his ' W. A. Mozart' (ist ed. 4 vols, 1856-9 ; 2nd ed. 2 vols. 1862, Breitkopf & Hartel). In the preface he expressly describes his method of procedure, and the use he has made of all the printed matter in existence, assigning to each work its relative value and importance. Here we find Schlich- tegroll, Niemetschek, Rochlitz, Arnold, Schlosser, G. N. von Nissen, Holmes, Oulibicheff, Gottfried Weber, Andre, Lorenz, Fuchs, Nohl, Marx, and others. Breitkopf & Hartel also pub- lished in 1878 a second edition of 'Mozart's Briefe.' Conjointly with Jahn's second edition should be used Dr. von Kochel's ' Chronologisch thematisches Verzeichniss sammtlicher Ton- werke W. A. Mozarts' (Breitkopf & Hartel, 1862). As will be evident to the reader, the present article is founded on the above two ex- cellent works, the substance of which, in a com-

��pressed form, is now presented for the first time to the English public.

Comparatively few of Mozart's compositions were published in his lifetime ; the greater part being circulated, with or without his acquiescence, in MS. His publishers in Vienna were Artaria, Toricella, and Hoffmeister. Breitkopf & Hartel published the first comprehensive edition in 1800, and the 1 2 vols. of ' (Euvres complets ' were long and widely known. The same enterprising firm issued the first scores of his Symphonies, Requiem, and other works. Steiner of Vienna followed in 1820 with an engraved edition of his collected works in 30 parts. Numerous 'com- plete' collections of his P.F. works, quartets, quintets, etc., came out afterwards. Breitkopf & Hartel next issued his last great operas in score, revised from the autographs, preparatory as it were to their ' Ersten kritisch durchgesehenen Gesammtausgabe ' of his works, begun in 1876 and now considerably advanced. Von Kb'chel with great liberality provided a special fund to start this work the finest possible monument to Mozart, and at the same time an honourable memorial of his most worthy admirer.

��Classified List of Mozart's works ; from the Catalogue of Breitkopf & Hartel's 'Erste kritisch durchgesehene Gesammtausgabe.'

I. VOCAL.

Series 1. 15 Masses. i Pastore, 1 dramatic Cantata, 2 acts.

Series 2. 4 Litanies, 2 Vespers, ' Zalde,' German opera, 2 acts. 1 DUIt and Magnificat. I ' Thamos, KOnlg In Aegypten,' he-

Series 3. 4 Eyries, 1 Madrigal, roisches Drama ; Choruses and

1 Venl Sancte, 1 Miserere, 1 Anti- Entr'actes. ' Idomeneo, Be <ll phon, 3 Eegina ccell, 1 Te Deum, , Creta, ossla. Ilia et Adamaute.'

2 Tantura ergo, 2 German Klrchen- ; opera seria In S acts. Ballet-music lieder, 9 Offertolres, 1 De profundls, ; to ' Idomeneo.' ' Die Entf ilhrunf 1 Air for soprano, 1 Motet for ditto, i aus dem Serall,' komlsches Sing-

1 Motet for 4 voices, 1 Graduate, ! spiel, 3 acts. Der Schauspiel

2 Hymns. I director,' comedy with music, 1 Series 4. 1 Passions -cantate act. 'Le Nozze dl Figaro.' opera

(Grabmuslk); 'LaBetulialiberata.'i buffa, 4 acts. 'II Dissolute punito, oratorio; ' Davidde penltente,' can- ] ossla, II Don Giovanni/opera buffa, tata ; ' Die Maurerfreude,' short , 2 acts. ' Cosl fan tutte ' (' Weiber- cantata for tenor with final chorus; ! treue'). opera buffa, 2 acts. 'L

��Eine kleine Frelmaurer cantate,' for 2 tenors and bass.

Series 6. ' Die Schuldlgkelt des ersten Gebothes,' sacred SIngspiel In 3 parts (1st only by Mozart). Apollo et Hyaclnthus,' Latin comedy. 'Bastien et Bastienne,' German operetta, 1 act. ' La flnta Semplice,' opera buffa, 3 acts. 'Ml- tridate, Be dt Ponto,' opera, S acts. Ascanio In Alba,' theatrallsche Serenade, 2 acts. 'II Sogno dl Sciplone,' dramatlsche Serenade, 1 act. 'Luclo Sllla,' dramma per

��Clemenza di Tito,' opera seria, a acts. 'DieZauberflOte'CllFIauto maglco') Gey nan opera, 2 acts.

Series 6. 27 airs, 1 rondo for so- prano with orchestra obligate ; 1 ditto for alto; 8 ditto for tenor; 5 ditto for bass ; 1 ariette for bass ;

1 deutsches Kriegslled ; 1 duet for

2 soprani ; 1 comic duet for soprano and bass ; 6 terzettos ; 1 quartet.

Series 7. 34 Lteder for single voice with P.F. accompaniment; 1 Lied with chorus and organ; 1 three-part chorus with organ;

��musica, S acts. 'La flnta Giardl- comic terzetto with P.F.; 20 cation* niera,' opera buffa, 3 acts. ' II Be ' for 2 or more voices.

H. INSTBUMENTAL.

��ORCHESTRAL WORKS.

Series 8. 41 Symphonies.

Series 9. 28 Divertlmentl, Seren- ades, and Cassationen for orchestra (12 Divertlmentl for wind Instr.) ; 3 Dlvertlmenti for 2 violins, viola, 2 horns, and bass.

Series 10. 9 Nos. Marches for or- chestra ; 2 symphonic movements ; ' Maurerische Trauermuslk ' for orch. ; ' Eln musikalischer Spass ' for 2 violins, viola, bass, and 2 honis ; 1 Sonata for bassoon and cello ; short Adagio for 2 cornl dl

��bassetto and bassoon ; Adagio for 2 clarinets and 3 cornl dl bassetto ; Adagio for harmonica; Adagio and Allegretto for harmonica, flute, oboe, viola, and cello ; Adagio and Allegretto for a musical clock; Fantasia for ditto; Andante for* small barrel-organ.

Series 11. 25 Nos. various kinds of dance-music for orchestra.

Series 12. Concertos, and smaller pieces with orch. 6 Concertos for violin; 3 short pieces for ditto; 1 Concertone lor 2 solo violins ; 1 Symphonic concertante for violin

�� �