vocum,' of Grimmius and Wyrsung, Augsburg 1520, a volume containing 24 Latin motets by H. Izac, Josquin des Pre"s, Obrecht, Pierre de la Rue, Senfl, and others. [G.]
PEVERNAGE, ANDREAS, born in the year 1543,' at Courtrai, in Flanders. He held an appointment in his native town until his mar- riage, 2 June 15, 1574, and soon after moved to Antwerp as choirmaster in the cathedral. There he led an active life, composing, editing, and giv- ing weekly performances at his house of the best native and foreign music. He died at the age of 48, and was buried in the cathedral. Sweertius 3 describes him as 'vir ad modestiam factus, et totus candidus, quse in Musico mireris, quibus cum leviusculis notis annata levitas videtur.' The same author gives the following epitaph : M. Andr Pevernagio
Musico excellent! Hujus ecclesiae phonasco
et Mariae filise
Maria Haecht vidua et IT. M. poss.
Obierunt Hie XXX Julii. Aetat XLVIH.
Ilia U Feb. Aetat XH. MDLXXXIX.
Fe"tis mentions 5 books of chansons and I book of sacred motets, published in the composer's lifetime, and 5 masses and a book of motets for the chief church festivals, as posthumous. The British Museum contains i book of chansons, and 2 imperfect copies of the 'Harmonia Celeste,' a collection of madrigals edited by Pevernage, in which 7 of his own pieces appear. In ad- dition to these Eitner* mentions 16 detached pieces in various collections of the time. Two pieces have been printed in modern type an ode to S. Cecilia, '0 virgo 5 generosa,' composed for the inauguration of his house concerts, 6 and a 9-part Gloria in excelsis.' T [J.R.S.-B.]
PEZZE, ALESSANDRO, an able violoncellist, was born in Milan in 1835. He received his first musical instruction from his father, an ex- cellent amateur. In 1846 he was, after competi- tion, admitted to the Milan Conservatorio, where his master was the celebrated Merighi. After a course of concerts in North Italy he was ap- pointed first violoncello at La Scala. Lumley brought him to Her Majesty's Theatre in 1857, where he remained until the theatre was burnt down. He also played principal violoncello with Pettit at the old Philharmonic, and was for some years engaged at Covent Garden. [T.P.H.]
PHILADELPHIA is remarkable among the cities of the United States for its vigorous mu sical life. No less than sixty-five societies for
1 ' Muter A. Pevernage . . . died July 90, 1591, about half-past four In the afternoon, after five weeks' Illness.' (See note discovered by H. de Burbure In Antwerp Cathedral books.) Thus the last two letters of the date In the epitaph have changed places ; It should stand HDLXXXXI. He died at the age of 48, which fixes the date pf his birth.
2 Paquot's ' Hlstolre lltteralre des Pays-has,' Tom. 9, p. 331 (Lou- vain. 1767). The author gives a reference, ' Franc. Hoeml poemata ed. 1878, p. 239, 240, ou 11 y a deux Eplthalames : In nuptias Andrese Pevernage, apud Cortracenses Symphonascl, et Marlse Mseges vldun 17 cal.julli, anno 1574.'
' ' Athena* Belglcse,' Antwerp, 1628 (Brit. Mus. 11901 k). Both th year of death and the name of Perernage's wife are probably incor rect. See notes 1 and 2. Bibliographic.
3 Commer ' Collectio op. muslcorum Batav.' Vol. vlli (Berlin Trautwein). e Ambros, Geschlchte,' 111. 316.
t Cecilia, von Oberhoffer, Luxemburg, 1863, No. 7.
��;he active practice of music exist within its pre- cincts. The oldest of these, the Musical Fund Society, was established on February 29, 1820. [n 1823 the society built a hall for its meetings, and about seven years later an academy was ipened for musical instruction. After having jiven, in the course of thirty years, about 100 concerts, in which nearly all the best European and American artists took part, increased com- jetition in musical affairs compelled the society
- o alter its original system, but for the last 15
years its funds have been gradually accumu- Ating, so that a capital has now been secured with which it is hoped a permanent school of music will eventually be established. In the 60 years of its existence the society has given freely From its funds to the relief of its professional members and their families, and to provide for their children after the death of their parents. The society has accumulated a considerable library of vocal and orchestral scores, etc. At present there are 50 members, 14 of whom are professional musicians.
In addition to the above, at the end of this article will be found a list 1 of musical societies (with the names of their conductors) which are now in existence in Philadelphia. Of these the Orpheus Club, a choral society for men's voices, was organised in August 1872, and has a limited membership of 30 active and 300 associate and subscribing members. The Cecilian Society was organised May 25, 1875, and has an active mem bership of about 400. The Beethoven Society was founded in 1869.
The university of Pennsylvania, located in Philadelphia, has established a Faculty of Music, and confers degrees on students who attend its lectures and pass an examination in harmony, counterpoint, and composition. Lec- tures and instruction are given by the Professor of Music (Mr. H. A. Clarke) who has also or- ganised an orchestra and a glee-club, composed of the undergraduate students.
There are several private musical academies at Philadelphia. The principal of these is the Philadelphia Musical Academy (President, Mme. Emma Seller), which has a regular attendance of over 100 pupils.
��MUSICAL SOCIETIES Abt Society. H. A. Clarke. Allemania. F.W. Kttnzel. Amphion Society. Arbeiter Sangerbund. Arion. J. Schaaf. Arion (of Germantown). Aurora. Beethoven Liederkranz. F.
W. KUnzeL Beethoven Mannerchor. L.
Cecilian. M. H. Cross. Cecilian Musical Beneficial
Association. B. G. S.
Wilks, President. Columbia Gesangverein.
W. Winter. Columbia Burschenschaft.
E. Gastel. Concordia Quartet Club.
L. Engelke. Eintracht. H. Peters. Eintracht Quartet Club. Fidelio Gesangverein. G.
Fidelio Mannerchor. Gambrinus Sangerkranz.
F. Stadler, Secretary. Germania Liederkraiiz. G.
Wilke. Germania Mannerchor. J.
Brenner. Germania Orchestra. C. M.
Schmitz. Handel and Haydn Society.
C. Sentz. Harmonie. F. W. KUnzel.
��1 Compiled for this work by Mr. Edmund Wolsleffer and Mr. J. G. Bosengarten, editor of the Philadelphia Public Ledger, to whose kindness we are also Indebted for the information contained above.