Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 2.djvu/740

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��PIANOFORTE MUSIC.

��(i79O?-i83i) wrote 5 fantasias, a nocturne, a set of variations, and 12 studies; of the studies Robert Schumann speaks with consider- able warmth. Giovanni Battista Sammartini (1700) composed no less than 2800 works, but his industry is more than rivalled, and his efficiency far surpassed, by CARL CZEENT (1791 -1857), the veritable Lope de la Vega of the pianoforte, who wrote such a quantity that it is actually impossible to give a correct account of all his original compositions, or of his ar- rangements, transcriptions, etc. Suffice it to say, that his works extend beyond 1000 ; of these one single number, the ' Decamerone,' con- tains 300 pieces, and the average content of each opus is 100 ; indeed there is not a single branch or form of pianoforte music in which Czerny was not active. In addition to this, his energy in arranging oratorios, operas, sympho- nies, overtures, quartets, quintets, etc., is really wonderful ; his name, however, will be per- petuated by his eminently useful and practical studies. JOHANN HUGO WORZISCHEK (1791- 1825), a richly-gifted Viennese composer, wrote a sonata, 12 rhapsodies, 2 books of variations, several polonaises, and 3 rondos, among which the ' Rondeau espagnol ' was a particular fa- vourite of the Vienna pianists. FBIEDBICH WIL- HELM GRUND (1791-187?), a highly esteemed Hamburg professor, is still well known by his well- written studies (op. 21). He composed also sonatas and rondos. CHRISTIAN TBAUGOTT BRTJNNER (1792-1874) composed about 300 pleasing and for educational purposes well- written pieces and collections. CIPRIANI POTTER (1792-1871) composed (according to German catalogues, English editions being out of print and not easily attainable) 2 books of varia- tions, 3 toccatas, i sonata, 2 books of studies (at one time used in the Royal Academy of Music), two rondos. Of this genial and highly respected professor's pieces, ' II compiacente,' op. 16, and the divertimento ' La Placidita,' in A major, are still played ; a grand duo for two pianos (op. 6) and an introduction and rondo (op. 8) for four hands contain much inter- esting matter. MOBITZ HAUPTMANN (1792- 1868), well known to many English musicians as an excellent teacher, composed 1 2 detached pieces and several sonatinas. FBA^OIS HUNTEN (i 793 -1878), an educational composer of some merit, wrote about 200 collections and works, easy and moderately difficult of execution. Some of Hiinten's pieces, such as ' Les Emeraudes,' ' Trois Airs italiens,' op. 65 ; the rondinos ' Le petit Tambour ' and ' An Alexis,' have be- come very widely known. His studies (op. 158) are exceedingly useful and agreeable. IGNAZ MOSCHELES (1794-1870) composed 7 con- certos, among which that in G minor still enjoys a well-merited, high reputation ; 5 solo sonatas, 2 duet sonatas (op. 47, op. 112), of which the first, in Eb, deserves recollection, lo books of variations, 20 rondos, many fantasias (' Recollec- tion of Ireland '), and a great number of smaller pieces. His famous duets, his pieces for 2

��PIANOFORTE MUSIC.

pianofortes, ' Hommage a Handel ' and ' Les Cc trastes,' (8 hands), and his most excellent studie op. 70 and op. 95, are considered classical, and fully merit that designation. CARL ARNOLD (1794) wrote 4 sonatas, 3 books of variations,

3 rondos, and a collection of studies, which were well known in Central Germany 30 years ago. JACQUES HERZ (1794-1880), the elder brother of the celebrated Henri Herz, wrote but a few original pieces (nocturnes). His varia- tions (7 books), 10 rondos, 20 airs de ballet, fan- tasias, and more particularly his II books of brilliant valses on operatic airs, were at one time great favourites. HEINRICH MARSCHNER (1795-1861) composed 8 sonatas, 12 rondos, vari- ations, fantasias, and 7 very good duets (Duo, op. 62). CARL LOEWE (1796-1869) composed

4 sonatas (the 'Gipsy' sonata was once well known), and several characteristic fantasias, among which, ' Mazeppa,' ' The Brother of Mercy,' and ' Biblical Pictures,' created great attention in their time. JACOB 801111111(1796 -1853) wrote about 400 works, mostly edu- cational ; they consist of variations, rondos, nocturnes, excellent sonatinas, good studies, potpourris, and a number of very useful and entertaining duets. FRANZ SCHUBERT (1797- 1828) wrote 10 sonatas, 2 duet sonatas (op. 30, 140), 8 impromptus (op. 90, 142), 6 mo- mens musicals, 2 fantasias, adagio and rondo (very charming), 158 valses, 29 Landler (German rustic dances), and 21 ecossaises. Among his duets the beautiful fantasia in F minor (op. 103), the scarcely known ' Divertissement en forme d'une Marche brillante et raisonne"e ' (op. 63), the splendid and highly characteristic ' Diver- tissement a la Hongroise' (op. 54), the charm- ing rondo in A (op. 107), and the incomparable collection of marches (op. 27, 40, 51, 55, 66, 121), are standard works and full of matchle beauties. FRANZ SCHOBERLECHNEB ( 1 797-1 843) a Viennese, pupil of Hummel, and well known ii Italy and Russia, was in his time very popular. He composed 2 sonatas, 15 books of variations,

5 rondos, fantasias, a 'duet-rondo brillant' in E minor, and several smaller pieces. HEIN- RICH WOHLFAHRT (1797) obtained a great re- putation through his well-known instruction- books for children ; but his sonatinas and other small pieces are also very valuable. CABL GOTTLIEB REISSIGEB (1798-1859) wrote 2 sona- tas, 5 books of variations, 25 rondos, and several fantasias. HENRI BERTINI jun. (1798-1876) claims grateful recognition for his 20 books of excellent studies, for about 250 different easy, moderately difficult, and difficult collections of solo pieces, and for a great number of excellent and most useful duets. His arrangement of Bach's ' Wohltemperirtes Clavier' for four hand is not sufficiently well known. CABL MAYEI (1799-1862) was a prolific composer; he wrot

2 grand concertos, several brilliant allegros with orchestral accompaniment, many rondos, scher- zos, variations, fantasias, toccatas (in E), and collections of elegant and pleasing drawing-room pieces, such as his ' Jugendbliithen,' 'Immc

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