HUMMEL. A German musical family, (i) ISTIAN FRANZ LUDWIG FBIEDRICH ALEX- 'EU was born at Brichsenstadt, Bavaria, Nov. 1787. He was educated at Mannheim, and s to have had instruction from the Abbe* 'ogler. In 1 806 he took the post of bandmaster
the 2nd Nassau infantry, made the Peninsular paign, married in Spain, was taken prisoner, "., and served with his regiment at Water- loo. He was then employed by the Duke of Nassau to form and lead his court orchestra, which lie did with great credit to himself till 1841, when it was dissolved. Christian Rummel died at Wiesbaden Feb. 13, 1849. He was not only an able conductor and a composer of much ability and industry, but a fine clarinetist and a good pianoforte-player. His works are numer- ous, and embrace pieces for military band, con- certos, quintets and other pieces for clarinet, many pianoforte compositions, especially a so- nata for 4 hands (op. 20) waltzes, variations, etc. and a Method for the PF. (2) His daughter JOSEPHINE was born at Manzanares in Spain during the Peninsular War, May 12, 1812. She was pianist at the Court at Wiesbaden, and died Dec. 19, 1877. (3) His son JOSEPH, born Oct. 6, 1818, was educated by his father in music gene- rally, and in the clarinet and PF. in particular, on both of which he was a good player. He was for many years Kapellmeister to the Prince of Oldenburg, then residing at Wiesbaden a post in which he was succeeded by Adolphe Henselt. Up to 1842 he lived in Paris, and then removed to London for five years. In 1847 he returned to Paris, and remained there till driven back to London by the war in 1870; and in London he resided till his death, March 25, 1880. Joseph Hummel wrote no original music, but he was one of the most prolific arrangers of operas and operatic selections for the PF. that ever existed. For nearly 40 years he worked incessantly for the houses of Schott and Escudier, publishing about 400 pieces with each house under his own name, besides a much larger number under noms de plume. His arrangements and transcriptions amount in all to fully 2000. He wrote also a series of exercises for Augener & Co., and for Escudier. (4) Joseph's sister FRANZISKA, born at Wiesbaden, Feb. 4, 1821, was educated by her father until she went to Paris to study singing under Bordogni, and afterwards to Lamperti at Milan. She became principal singer at the Court of Wiesbaden, and at length married Peter Schott, the well-known music publisher at Brussels, who died in 1873. (5) Anotherson, AUGUST, became a merchant in London, where e still lives, and where (6) his son FRANZ was , Jan. II, 1853.
FRANZ HUMMEL at the age of 14 went to ssels to study the PF. under Brassin, first as a vate pupil and afterwards in the Conservatoire.
e took the first prize for PF.-playing there in 1872, and afterwards became one of the staff of teachers. He made his first public appearance at Antwerp Dec. 2 2, 1 8 7 2 , in Henselt's PF. Concerto ; in July 1873 played the Schumann Concerto at
���the Albert Hall Concerts, London ; and again at Brussels, before the King and Queen of the Bel- gians, with great distinction. He remained at the Conservatoire as professor till 1876, when on the advice of Rubinstein he threw up his pest and began to travel, playing in the Rhine Pro- vinces, Holland, and Fro nee. Early in 1877 he came to London, and played at the Crystal Palace on April 7. Next year he went to Ame- rica, where he met with great success, though inteiTUpted by a serious accident. He returned in 1 88 1, and played again at the Crystal Palace on April 30. His repertoire is large, embracing the works of Tscha'ikowsky, Raff, Rubinstein, Liszt, as well as those of the more established classical masters. [G.}
RUNGENHAGEN, CARL FRIEDRICH. See
RUSSELL, WILLIAM, Mus. Bac., son of an organ builder and organist, was born in London. in 1777. He was sucessively a pupil of Cope, organist of St. Saviour's Southward, Shrubsole, organist of Spa Fields Chapel, and Groombridge, organist of Hackney and St. Stephen's, Coleman Street. In 1789 he was appointed deputy to his father as organist of St. Mary, Aldermanbury, and continued so until 1793, when he obtained the post of organist at the chapel in Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, which he held until 1798, when the chapel was disposed of to the Wesleyan body. In 1797 he became a pupil of Dr. Arnold, with whom he studied for about three years. In 1 798 he was chosen organist of St. Ann's, Limehouse. In 1800 he was engaged as pianist and composer at Sadler's Wells, where he continued about four years. In 1801 he was en- gaged as pianist at Covent Garden and appointed organist of the Foundling Hospital Chapel. He took his Mus. Bac. degree at Oxford in 1808. He composed two oratorios, ' The Redemption of Israel ' and ' Job ' ; an ' Ode to Music,' an ' Ode to the Genius of Handel,' Christopher Smart's ' Ode on St. Cecilia's day,' and an ' Ode to Har- mony,' several glees, songs, and organ voluntaries, and about 20 dramatic pieces, chiefly spectacles and pantomimes. He edited in 1809 'Psalms, Hymns and Anthems for the Foundling Chapel." He was much esteemed both as pianist and organist. He died Nov. 21, 1813. [W.H.H.]
RUSLAN I LYUDMILA. A Russian romantic opera, in 5 acts, based on a poem by Pushkin, the music by Glinka. Produced at St. Petersburg, Nov. 27, 1842. The scene is. laid in the Caucasus, in fabulous times, and the music is said to partake strongly of the Asiatic, oriental, character. The overture was played at the Crystal Palace, Sydenham, London, July
4, 1874- [<*-3
RUST. A distinguished German musical family. FRIEDRICH WILHELM was born at Wor- litz, Dessau, July 6, 1739; his father was a person of eminence, and he received a first-rate education. He was taught music by his elder brother, who, as an amateur, had played the violin in J. S. Bach's orchestra at Leipzig ; and