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��widow of the man by whom he had benefitted so materially, contented himself with loud and vain lamentations. In 1800 he entered into partnership with a merchant named Zitterbarth, who at a short distance from the small theatre just mentioned, built the present 'Theater an der Wien,' opened June 13, 1801. Zitterbarth then bought the privilegium, from Schikaneder, who managed it for him till 1806. His next project was to build, with the assistance of some wealthy friends, a new theatre in the Joseph- stadt suburb, but this he did not carry out. On his way to Pesth, whither he had been invited to undertake a theatre, he went mad, was brought beck to Vienna, and died in great misery Sept. 21, 1812.
Schikaneder wrote the librettos for many popular operas, Singspiele, and fairy-pieces, the list of which, with year of performance, is here published for the first time :
��Anton der dumme Gartner' (Schack and Gerl).1789; 'Die beiden Antons' (with 4 sequels), 'Jakob und Nannerl,' and ' Der Stein der Weisen/ or ' Die Zauberinsel ' (Schack and others), 1790; 'Die Zauberflote' (Mozart), 1791; *Der wohlthfitige Derwisch," or ' Die Schellenkappe ' (Schack, Gerl, and others), 1792; 'Die EisenkOnigin,' ' Die Waldmfinner,' and ' Der Zau- berpfeil ' (Lickl), 1793 ; ' Der Spiegel
��von Arkadien' Die Hirten
��(Siissmayer), and Bhein,' 1794;
��Der Scheerenschleifer ' (Henne- berg). 'Der KOnijiSsohn aus Itha- ka' (A. F. Hoffmeister). and ' Der Hollenberg* (Wdlffl), 1795;
��note,' Winter), 1798; 'Die Ostln- dier vom Spittelberg'i (Sey fried, Stegmayer, etc.), 'Conrad Lang- barth,' or ' Der Burggeist ' (Hen- neberg), 'Minna und Peru,' or ' KOnigspflicht* (Act i. Henneberg, Actii. Seyfried), and 'Der Wun- dermann am Wasserfall' (Sey- fried), 1799; 'Amors Schiffchen* (Seyfried), 1800, At the Theater an -der- Wien opening night Alexander' (Teyber) and 'Thes- pis Traum,' and 'Proteus und Arabiens SOhne ' (Stegmayer),1801; 'Tschingl Tsching!' (Haibel). 1802 ; ' Die Entlarvten,' a continu- ation of the 'Waldmanner ' (An- Der ton Fischer), and ' PfSndung und
��Tjroler Waste!' (Haibel), and a 2mi part ' Oesterreich's treue Brft- der.' 1796 ; ' Das medizinische Con- siliuni ' (Haibel), 'Der LOwenbrun- neu' (Seyfried), and 'Babylons Pj ramiden ' (Act. i. Gallus, Act. li.
��rinth.' or ' Kampf mit den Ele- meuteu' (2nd part of 'Zauber-
��Personalarrest' (Teyber), 1803; 'Der Stein der Weisen' (Schack and others), 1804 ; ' Swetards Zau- berthal' (Fischer), 1805; 'Die Kl- senkOnigin ' (Henneberg), and Die Kurgaste am Sauerbrunnen'
��Peter Winter), 1797; 'Das Laby- (Anton Diabelli), Schikaneder-s
��last piece, given for his benefit, 1806.
SCHILLING, DR. GUSTAV, author of a book much esteemed in Germany, though little known in England ' Encyclopadie der gesamm- ten musikalischen Wissenschaften, oder Uni- versal Lexikon der Tonkunst.' 2 He was born Nov. 3, 1805, at Schwiegershausen, Hanover, where his father was clergyman. He was brought up at Gottingen and Halle, and in 1 830 settled in Stuttgart as director of Stb'pel's Music School. In 1857 he went to America, and is now living in Montreal. He has published several other works bearing on music, but none of the im- portance of that already mentioned. [G.]
SCHIMON, ADOLF, son of an Austrian artist, well-known for his portraits of Beethoven, Weber, Spohr, etc., was born on Feb. 29, 1820, at Vienna. At 16 he went to Paris and entered the Conservatoire as a pupil of Berton and HaleVy. In 1844 he brought out an opera called Stradella at the Pergola in Florence. In 1850 he was in London, and took a provincial tour with Balfe, Eeeves, and Clara Novello. From 1854 to 59 he was attached to the Italian opera
1 A locality in one of the suburbs of Vienna.
2 Encyclopaedia of General Musical Knowledge, or Universal Lexi- con of Music (7 vols. 8vo. Stuttgart, 1835-10).
in Pavis, and in 1858 produced a comic opera, ' List um List,' which was successful in North Germany. In 1872 we find him again at Flor- ence, where he married Miss Anna Regan. (See below.) From 1874 to 77 he was teacher of singing in the Conservatorium at Leipzig, and from thence was called to Munich, where he is now professor of singing in the Royal Music School. His original compositions embrace quar- tets, trios, and solos for the PF., and songs in various languages, and he has edited many vocal pieces by Scarlatti, Porpora, Paradies, and other old Italian masters. His wife, ANNA REGAN- SCHIMON, was born at Aich, near Carlsbad, Sept. 1 8, 1841, and was brought up in the house of Dr. Anger in Carlsbad till 1859, when she was placed as a pupil with Mme. Schubert (nee Mas- chinka-Schneider) in Dresden. In the following year she accompanied Mad. Sabatier-UNGHER, the great contralto, to Florence, where she re- mained under the care of that eminent artist till Feb. 1864. During this time she made her first attempts on the stage at Siena, her success in which encouraged her in further study. From 1864 to 67 she was engaged at the Court theatre at Hanover. Then as Kamraersangerin to the Grand Duchess Helena in St. Petersburg, where she sang at three of the seven concerts given by Berlioz. In 1869 she visited London in com- pany with her old friend and teacher, Mad. Sabatier, sang twice at the Philharmonic and three times at the Crystal Palace, and at Mr. C. Halle's Recitals, etc. From this time till 1875 she was frequently in England, widely-known and much liked for her exquisite delivery of Schu- bert's and other songs. In 1870 and 71 she visited Vienna with great success, and in 1873 married Dr. Schimon. Since then, excepting two brilliant tournees with Monbelli, Sivori, Trebelli, etc., in the winters of 1872 and 1873, she has almost retired from public appearance, save only at the Gewandhaus Concerts at Leip- zig, where she is a regular and very favourite singer. [G.]
SCHINDELMEISSER, Louis, was born at Konigsberg, Dec. 8, 1811, and educated at the Gymnasium at Berlin. Music he learned from a French musician named Hostie*, and from Gahrich. He first adopted the clarinet, but afterwards took a wider range. From 1832 to 1837 he filled Capellmeister's posts at Salzburg, Innspruck, Gratz, then at Berlin (Kb'nigstadfc theatre), and at Pesth, where he remained for nine years. He at length came to an anchor as Court-capellmeister at Darmstadt* where he died March 30, 1864. His works embrace six operas ' Mathilde,' ' Ten happy days,' ' Peter von Szapary' (Pesth, 1839), 'Malvina' (Pesth, 1851), ' The Avenger,' 'Melusine'; an oratorio, 'S.^Boniface'; an overture to 'Uriel Acosta,' and incidental music to various plays ; Concerto for clarinet and orchestra ; and a concertante for four clarinets and orchestra ; songs, PF. pieces etc. The overture to ' Uriel Acosta ' was much played in Germany, and was formerly often to be heard at the Crystal Palace. [G.]