Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 3.djvu/702

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690

��STANFORD.

��15); 8 Songs by George Eliot (op. i) ; 6 do. by Heine (op. 4) ; 6 do. by do. (op. 7) ; 6 Songs (op. 14). In church music he is known by a Morning, Communion, and Evening Service in Bb (op. 10), and an Evening do. (Sons of the Clergy, 1880) for chorus, orchestra, and organ (op. 12); also 2 hymns by Klopstock (ops. 5 and 1 6). He has edited Leo's 'Dixit Dominus' in C, and in his capacity of conductor of the Cambridge University Musical Society, has given first performances in England of Schumann's 3rd part of 'Faust,' Brahms' s C minor Symphony and Rhapsodic (op. 53), Kiel's Requiem, etc. Under Mr. Stan- ford the society just mentioned has become a power in the country, and his influence has stimulated music at Cambridge to a remarkable degree of activity, which has yet to be imitated at Oxford. He is Professor of Composition and Orchestral playing at the Royal College of Music, London. [G.]

STANLEY, JOHN, Mus. Bac., born in London in 1713, at two years old became blind by ac- cident, at seven began to learn music from John Reading, organist of Hackney, and a few months later was placed with Maurice Greene, under whom he made such rapid progress that in 1724 he was appointed organist of All Hallows, Bread Street, and in 1 726 organist of St. Andrew's, Hoi- born. On July 19, 1729, he graduated as Mus. Bac. at Oxford. In 1734 he was appointed one of the organists of the Temple Church. In 1742 he published ' Six Cantatas, for a Voice and Instru- ments,' the words by Hawkins, the future historian of music, which proved so successful that a few months later he published a similar set to words by the same author. In 1757 ne produced his ' Jephthah,' and in 1760 joined J. C. Smith in carrying on the oratorio performances formerly conducted by Handel, for which he composed 'Zimri,' 1760, and 'The Fall of Egypt,' 1774. In 1761 he set to music Robert Lloyd's dramatic pastoral, ' Arcadia, or The Shepherd's Wedding,' written in honour of the marriage of George III. and Queen Charlotte. He published also ' Three Cantatas and Three Songs for a Voice and In- struments,' and three sets, of 1 2 each, of Organ Voluntaries. In 1 774, on the retirement of Smith, he associated Thomas Linley with himself in the conduct of the oratorios. In 1779 he succeeded Dr. Boyce as Master of the King's Band of Music. Burney says he was 'a neat, pleasing, and accurate performer, a natural and agreeable composer, and an intelligent instructor.' He died May 19, 1786. His portrait by Gainsborough was finely engraved by Mary Ann Rigg (after- wards Scott), and another portrait, at the organ, was engraved by Mac Ardell. [W.H.H.]

STANSBURY, GEORGE FREDERICK, son of Joseph Stansbury, a player upon the flute, bassoon and viola, residing in Bristol, was born in that city in 1800. When only 12 years old he was proficient on the pianoforte, violin, and flute, and at 19 was engaged by Mine. Catalan! as accom- panyist during a concert tour through England. He was afterwards director of the music at the

��STARK.

Theatre Royal, Dublin, where he made his ap- pearance as a composer with an overture to ' Life in Dublin.' In 1828 he appeared at the Hay- market Theatre as Capt. Macheath in 'The Beggar's Opera,' and on Jan. 15, 1829, at Covent Garden in A. Lee's ' Nymph of the Grotto.' He continued there and at Drury Lane for several years. He was afterwards engaged as musical director and conductor at the St. James's, the Surrey, and other theatres. He composed music for ' Waverley ' (with A. Lee), and ' Puss in Boots,' 1832 ; 'The Elfin Sprite,' and 'Neuha's Cave,' 1833, an( l other pieces, besides many songs, etc. His voice was of poor quality, but he was an excellent musician, and a ready composer. He died of dropsy, June 3, 1845. " [W.H.H.]

STARCK (von Bronsart), INGEBORG, was born at St. Petersburg, of Swedish parents, 12-24 August, 1840. Henselt was one of her first masters. When 18 she studied for some time under Liszt at Weimar, and then made a long concert tour through the principal towns of Ger- many, playing at the Gewandhaus Concerts in 1858 and 1859, at Paris and St. Petersburg. In 1 86 1 she married Hans von Bronsart. After staying some time in Leipzig, Dresden, and Berlin, Herr Bronsart and his wife settled in Hanover, where he is Intendant of the theatre. Here she devoted herself entirely to composition. An opera by her, ' Die Gottin von Sais,' had been unsuccessful in Berlin, but her next dra- matic work, a setting of Goethe's 'Jery und Bately,' was played with great success in Weimar, Cassel, and many other places. In 1870 she wrote a ' Kaiser Wilhelm March,' which was played at Berlin at a state performance to cele- brate the return of the troops. She has since completed a four-act opera ' Konig Hiarne,' the libretto by Hans von Bronsart and Friedrich von Bodenstedt. Since settling in Hanover, Frau von Bronsart, who is a pianist of rare excellence, has seldom been heard in public. She has how- ever played duets for two pianos with Liszt at concerts in Hanover. Her compositions, include a concerto and other PF. pieces, many songs, and some music for strings. [W.B.S.]

STARK, LUDWIG, was born at Munich June 19, 1831 ; was educated at the University there, and learned music in the good school of the Lachners. In 1856 he went to Paris, and after a short residence there removed to Stuttgart, and in conjunction with Lebert, Brachmann, and Laiblin, founded the Stuttgart Music School, which has since become so well known. Among the teachers in the school were Speidel, Faisst, Pischek, Levi, and other well-known names. Dr. Stark's energies have been since that time, con- tinually concentrated on the school, which has flourished accordingly, and in July 1865 was allowed to assume the title of Conservatorium. Among the present teachers are Dionys Pruckner (piano), Edmund Singer (violin), etc. At the end of the 5th half-year, April 15, 1882, the number of professional scholars was 140 (12 English), 44 male and 96 female. But in 1878

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