��RANZ DES VACHES.
��and undeniable charm. The most celebrated of them is that of Appenzell, a copy of which is said to have been sent to our Queen Anne, with whom it was a great favourite. The first work jn which it was printed is Georg Rhaw's ' Bicinia ' (Witten- berg, 1545). It is also to be found in a dissertation on Nostalgia in Zwinger's ' Fasciculus Disserta- tionum Medicarum ' (Basle, 1710). Kousseau printed a version in his ' Dictionnaire de Musique,' which Laborde arranged for 4 voices in his ' Essai sur la Musique.' It was used by Gretry in his Overture to ' Guillaume Tell,' and by Adam in his ' Methode de Piano du Conservatoire.' l It has been also arranged by Webbe, Weigl, Rossini ('Guillaume Tell ') and Meyerbeer. The following example is sung in the Alps of Gruyere in the Canton of Friburg: Andante.
���Vi - en - d<5 to -
��Bliantz' et na'i - re",
��Kodz'et mot-ai - 1<5, Dz'jouveu et o - tro, Dd-zo on tschano
��Jo'ie voz' ar - io D6 zo on treinblio io Andante.^
��Liauba! por ari - a! 2 FW B S 1
RAPPOLDI, EDUARD, born at Vienna, Feb. 21, 1839. He was placed by his father at an early age under Doleschall, and made his first appearance in his 7th year as violinist, pianist, and composer. His talent for the pianoforte was so great as to induce the Countess Banffy to put him
1 Other examples and descriptions will be found In the following works :-Cappeller's Tilati Montis Historia' (1757) ; Stolberg's 'Seise in Deutschland, der Schweiz, etc.' (1794); Ebel's Schilderung der Gebirgsvolker der Schweiz' (1798); Sigmund von Wagner's 'Acht Schweizer Kuhreihen' (1805); the article on Viotti in the 'Decade Philosophique' (An 6) ; Castelnau's 'Considerations sur la Nostalgic' 1806) ; Edward Jones's ' Musical Curiosities ' (1811) : Tarenne's ' Samm- lurig von Schweizer Kuhreihen und Volksliedern (1818); Huber's Eecueil de Kanz de Vaches' (1830); and Tobler's ' Appenzellischer Sprachschatz'(1837).
2 Translation, by Fenimore Cooper:' The cowherds of Colombette arise at an early hour, Ha. ha! Ha, ha! Liauba! Liauba! in order to milk ! Come all of you. Black and white. Red and mottled, Young and old ; Beneath this oak I am about to milk you. Beneath this poplar I am about to press. Liauba ! Liauba ! in order to milk !
under Mittag, Thalberg's teacher. But the violin was the instrument of his choice, and he suc- ceeded in studying it under Jansa, who induced him to go to London in 1850. Here he made no recorded appearance. On his return to Vienna he was so far provided for by the liberality of the same lady, that he became a pupil of the Conser- vatoire under Hellmesberger from 1851 to 1854. He then put himself under Bbhm, and shortly began to travel, and to be spoken of as a promis- ing player. The first real step in his career was conducting a concert of Joachim's at Rotterdam in 1866. At the end of that year he went to Liibeck as Capellmeister, in 1867 to Stettin in the same capacity, and in 1869 to the Landes- theater at Prague. During this time he was working hard at the violin, and also studying com- position with Sechter and Hiller. From 1870 to 77 he was a colleague of Joachim's at the Hoch- schule at Berlin where he proved himself a first-rate teacher and a member of his Quartet party. In 1876 he was made Royal Professor, and soon after received a call to a Concertmeister- ship at Dresden. This however his love for Joachim and for Berlin, where he had advanced sufficiently to lead the Quartets alternately with his chief, induced him for a long time to hesitate to accept, notwithstanding the very high terms offered. At length, however, he did accept it, and is now joint Concertmeister with Lauterbach at the Dresden opera, and chief teacher in the Conservatorium. Though a virtuoso of the first rank, he has followed in the footsteps of Joachim by sacrificing display to the finer interpretation of the music, and has succeeded in infusing a new spirit into chamber-music at Dresden. He has composed symphonies, quartets, sonatas, and songs, some of which have been printed. They are distinguished for earnestness, and for great beauty of form, and a quartet was performed in Dresden in the winter of 1878 which aroused quite an unusual sensation. In 1874 Rappoldi married a lady who is nearly as distinguished as himself Miss LAURA KAHRER, who was born in Vienna in 1853, and whose acquaintance he made many years before at Prague. Her talent, like his, showed itself very early. On the nomination of the Empress Elisabeth she became a pupil of the Conservatorium at Vienna, under Dachs and Dessoff, from 1866 to 69. After taking the first prize, she made a tournee to the principal towns of Germany, ending at Weimar. There she studied under Liszt, and matured that beauty of touch, precision, fire, and intelligence, which have raised her to the first rank of pianists in Germany, and which induced Herr von BUlow no lenient critic to praise her playing of Beethoven's op. 106 in the highest terms. She is the worthy colleague of her husband in the best concerts of Dres- den. Mme. Kahrer- Rappoldi has not yet visited England. [G.]
RASOUMOWSKY, 3 ANDREAS KYRILLO- VITSCIT, a Russian nobleman to whom Beethoven
3 Pronounced Kasumoffsky, which is Beethoven's spelling in the dedication of the 5th and 6th Symphonies ; Easoumotfsky in that of the Quartets.