��Savorini (born at Forli, 1809), whom he had mar- ried shortly before, and resumed his old functions till 1839, when he once more returned to Italy, and died at Bologna Nov. 29, 1872. His operas are ' La Fata Alcina ' ( Ven ice, 1814); 'La Princi- pessa di Navarra ' (Bologna, 1816?) ; ' II Credulo deluso' (Rome, 1820?); 'Tamerlane' (Bologna, 1822?) 'Moctar* (Milan, 1824?); 'Mitridate' (Venice, 1826?); 'Almanzor' (Trieste, 1828?). One of his canzonets, 'Eco di Scozia,' with horn obligato, was much sung by Rubini. Tadolini was at one time credited with having written the concluding fugue in Rossini's Stabat (see Berlioz, 'Soire'es de 1'orchestre' 2eme Epilogue). The above is chiefly compiled from Fe*tis. [G.]
TAGLICHSBECK, THOMAS, born of a musical family at Ansbach, in Bavaria, Dec. 31, 1799, studied at Munich under Rovelli and Gratz, and by degrees became known. Lindpaintner in 1 820 gave him his first opportunity by appointing him his deputy in the direction of the Munich theatre, and about this time he produced his first opera, 'Weber's Bild.' After this he forsook Munich and wandered over Germany, Holland, and Den- mark, as a violinist, in which he acquired great reputation. He then settled in Paris, and on Jan. 24, 1836, a symphony of his (op. 10) was admitted to the unwonted honour of perform- ance at the Conservatoire. It must have had at least the merit of clearness and effect, or it would not have been followed by a second per- formance on April 2, 1837 a rare honour for any German composer but a first-rate one.
In 1827 he was appointed Kapellmeister of the Prince of Hohenzollern Hechingen, a post which he retained till its dissolution in 1848. The rest of his life was passed between Lowenberg in Silesia, Dresden, and Baden Baden, where he died Oct. 5, 1867. His works extend to op. 33, and embrace, besides the symphony already men- tioned, three others a mass, op. 25 ; a psalm, op. 30 ; a trio for PF. and strings ; a great quantity of concertos, variations, and other pieces for the violin ; part-songs, etc., etc. [G.]
TAGLIAFICO, JOSEPH DIEODONN^, born Jan. i, 1821, of Italian parents, at Toulon, and educated at the College Henri IV, Paris. He received instruction in singing from Pier- marini, in acting from Lablache, and made his dtbut in 1844 at the Italiens, Paris. He first appeared in England April 6, 1847, at Covent Garden Theatre, as Oroe in ' Semiramide,' on the occasion of the opening of the Royal Italian Opera. From that year until 1876 he appeared at Covent Garden season by season, almost opera by opera. His parts were small, but they were thoroughly studied and given, and invariably showed the intelligent and conscientious artist. In the intervals of the London seasons he had engagements in St. Petersburg, Moscow, Paris, and America ; was stage manager at the Theatre des Italiens, Monte Carlo, etc., and for many years corresponded with the 'Menestrel* under the signature of ' De Retz.' In 1877, on the death of M. Desplaces, he was appointed stage manager of the Italian Opera in London, which post he
resigned in 1882 on account of ill health. Mme. Tagliafico, formerly Cotti, was for many years a valuable * comprimaria ' both at Covent Garden and Her Majesty's. [A.C.]
TALEXY, ADRIEN. A pianist and voluminous composer, born about 1820; produced between 1872 and 1878 six one-act operettas at the Bouffes-Parisiens and other Paris theatres, none of which met with any special favour. He is the author of a ' Me'thode de piano' ; 20 ' Etudes expressives,' op. 80 (with Colombier) ; and of a large number of salon and dance pieces for piano solo, some of which enjoyed great popu- larity in their day. In 1860 M. Talexy con- ducted a series of French operas at the St. James's Theatre, London, for Mr. F. B. Chatterton, begin- ning with La Tentation, May 28, which however did not prove a good speculation. He died at Paris in 1 88 1. [G.]
TAILLE. Originally the French name for the tenor voice, Basse-taille being applied to the baritone ; but most frequently employed to de- signate the tenor viol and violin. It properly denominates the large tenor, as distinguished from the smaller contralto or haute-contre : but zttjt is often applied to both instruments. The ~Wf tenor violoncello clef was originally ap- " propriated to the Taille. [See TENOB VIOLIN.] [E.J.P.]
TALISMANO, IL. Grand opera in 3 acts ; music by Balfe. Produced at Her Majesty's Opera, June n, 1874. The book, founded on Walter Scott's 'Talisman,' was written by A. Mattheson in English, and so composed ; but was translated into Italian by Sig. Zaffira for the purpose of production at the Italian Opera. The work was left unfinished by Balfe, and completed by Dr. G. A. Macfarren. [G.]
TALLYS (as he himself wrote his name), TALYS, or TALLIS (as it is usually spelled), THOMAS, the father of English cathedral music, is supposed to have been born in the second decade of the i6th century. It has been con- jectured that he received his early musical education in the choir of St. Paul's Cathedral under Thomas Mulliner, and was removed thence to the choir of the Chapel Royal; but there is no evidence to support either state- ment. The words ' Child there ' which occur at the end of the entry in the Cheque-book of the Chapel Royal recording his death and the appoint- ment of his successor, and which have been relied upon as proving the latter statement, are am- biguous, as they are applicable equally to his successor, Henry Eveseed, and to him. It is how- ever highly probable that he was a chorister in one or other of the metropolitan choirs. He became organist of Waltham Abbey, which appointment he retained until the dissolution of the abbey in 1540, when he was dismissed with 20*. for wages and 20*. for reward. 1 It is probable that he soon after that event obtained the place of a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal. His celebrated Preces, Responses and Litany, and"
i This fact was discovered by Mr. W. II. Cummings.