musical education in Vienna, under Böhm and Mayseder. When only twelve years of age he made a tour through the world. In 1840 he travelled through Germany, Sweden, Norway, and Russia; he visited London in 1850, and California, South America, and Australia in 1853–8. In 1860 he was feted by King Victor Emanuel of Italy and the Sultan of Turkey. Of his compositions, his little 'Lieder ohne Worte' for the violin will no doubt survive him for many years. Hauser retired into private life some ten or twelve years ago, and died, practically forgotten, in Vienna on Dec. 9, 1887.
[ E. Pi. ]
HAUSMANN, Robert, a distinguished violoncellist, was born Aug. 13, 1852, at Rottleberode in the Harz, and at the age of 8 went to school at Brunswick, where for some years he studied his instrument under Theodor Müller, the cellist of the well-known quartet of the brothers Müller. When the High School for music was opened at Berlin in 1869, he entered as a pupil, and worked under Herr Joachim's guidance with Wilhelm Müller. Being anxious to profit by the instruction of Signor Piatti, he was introduced by Joachim to that celebrated artist, who treated him with great kindness, and gave him lessons for some time both in London and Italy. He then entered upon his professional career, commencing as cellist in the quartet of Graf Hochberg. This post he retained for four years, and was then appointed second professor of his instrument at the High School in Berlin. He succeeded to the principal place upon the retirement of Müller, and he also is violoncellist of Herr Joachim's quartet. He is well known in London, where he has introduced important new works by Brahms and other composers. He has all the qualities which combine to make an accomplished artist. With great command over the technical difficulties of the instrument, he possesses an unusually powerful tone. He is a kinsman of the late George Hausmann, the violoncellist, upon whose fine Stradivarius he plays.
[ T. P. H. ]
HAVERGAL, Rev. William Henry, was born in 1793 in Buckinghamshire. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School and St. Edmund Hall, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. in 1815, and M.A. in 1819. He was ordained by Bishop Ryder, and in 1829 was presented to the Rectory of Ashley, near Bewdley. Having met with a severe accident he was obliged to relinquish his clerical duties for several years, during which time he devoted himself to the study of music. His first published composition was a setting of Heber's hymn, 'From Greenland's icy mountains,' as an anthem, the profits of which, as of many other of his compositions, he devoted to charitable objects. In 1836 he published an Evening Service in E, and 100 antiphonal chants (op. 35), in the same year obtaining the Gresham Prize Medal for his Evening Service in A (op. 37), a distinction which he also gained in the following year for his anthem, 'Give thanks' (op. 40). Other anthems and services followed, and in 1844 he commenced his labours towards the improvement of Psalmody by the publication of a reprint of Ravenscroft's Psalter. In 1845 he was presented to the Rectory of St. Nicholas, Worcester, and to an Honorary Canonry in the Cathedral. In 1847 he published 'The Old Church Psalmody' (op. 43), and in 1854 an excellent 'History of the Old Hundredth Tune.' In 1859 he brought out 'A Hundred Psalm and Hymn Tunes' (op. 48), of his own composition. Besides the works enumerated above, Mr. Havergal wrote a number of songs and rounds for the young, besides many hymns, sacred songs, and carols for the periodical entitled 'Our Own Fireside.' These were afterwards collected and published as 'Fireside Music.' As the pioneer of a movement to improve the musical portions of the Anglican Services, Mr. Havergal's labours deserve more general recognition than they have hitherto met with. At the time when church music was at its lowest ebb, the publication of his 'Old Church Psalmody' drew attention to the classical school of English ecclesiastical music, and paved the way for the numerous excellent collections of hymns and chants which the Anglican Church now possesses. Mr. Havergal died on April 19, 1870. After hia death his works were edited by his youngest daughter, Miss F. R. Havergal.
[ W. B. S. ]
HAWES, William. P. 690a, l. 10, for July 24 read July 23.
HAWKINS, James (jun.). p. 690b, l. 2 from end of article, for 1759 read 1750.
HAYDÉE. Last line but one of article, for Pyne and Harrison read Bunn.
HAYDN, Joseph. P. 705b, l. 5, omit the reference to Werner. P. 713b, in the list of works composed in London, after 'The Spirit's Song,' omit the words (Shakespeare's words). P. 717b, four lines from the bottom, for Mae. et oms. Sis. read Mã et om̃ Stis. P. 716a, add that the composer's skull has lately come into the possession of the Austrian Museum at Vienna.
HAYDN IN LONDON. P. 722b, l. 2, for one volume read two volumes. The third volume of Herr C. F. Pohl's biography of Haydn, left unfinished at the author's death, is in process of completion by Herr Mandyczewski.
HAYES, William. Line 1 of article, for Gloucester read Hexham, and correct day of death to July 27.
HEAP, C. Swinnerton. See Swinnerton Heap, vol. iv. p. 9.
HECHT, Eduard, born at Dürkheim im Haardt, Nov. 28, 1832. He was trained at Frankfort by his father, a respected musician, then by Jacob Rosenhain, Christian Hauff, and Messer. In 1854 he came to England and settled in Manchester, where he remained until his death. From a very early date in the history of Mr. Charles Hallés Concerts, Hecht was associated with him as his chorus-master and