him by the leading composers and literary men of the day to be preserved in the town library ; the portrait sent by Wagner hung in one of the rooms of the Palazzo Civico ; and his last baton placed by the side of Paganini's violin in the civic museum.
Besides the works already named, and other orchestral pieces, he published several collections of songs, all of which are charmingly melodious : < Rimembranze del Bosforo,' * II Trovatore nella Liguria,' ' Liete e tristi rimembranze,' 'Otto pezzi vocali,' ' Nuovo Album vocale.'
Mariani was the prince of Italian conductors ; out of Italy he might have found his equal, but not his superior. [F.Rz.]
MARIMON, MARIE, born in 1839 at Liege, was taught singing by Duprez, and made her ddbut at the Lyrique as Helene on the pro- duction of Semet's ' Demoiselle d'Honneur,' Dec.. 30, 1857 ; as Zora in 'La Perle du Brdsil,' and Fatima in 'Abu Hassan/ May n, 1859. slle next played at the Ope"ra Comique Maima in Offenbach's unsuccessful ' Barkouf,' Dec. -24, 1860 ; Zerline in <La Sirene* with Roger, Nov. 4, 1 86 1, and Giralda in 1862. She returned to the Lyrique, and afterwards played at Brussels. On her return to Paris in 1869 she made a very great success at the Athdnee in French versions of Ricci's ' Follia a Roma ' and ' Crispino,' and Verdi's ' Masnadieri,' Feb. 3, 1 8 70. She played, at Drury Lane in Italian in 1871-72, and at Covent Garden in the autumn of the first year, Amina, wherein she made her debut May 4, 1871, Maria (' La Figlia'), Rosina, Norina,and Astrifiammante. She made at first a great success solely on account of her beautiful rich round voice, her brilliant execution and cer- tainty of intonation. She did not maintain the hopes excited at her d^but, since it was dis- covered that she was a very mechanical actress and totally devoid of charm. The only part she really played well was Maria. Nevertheless she became a very useful singer at Covent Gar- den 1874-77 in all the above parts, Donna Elvira, Margaret of Valois, etc. ; at Her Majes- ty's in 1878 and 1880, in Dinorah, etc.; at the Lyceum in 1881. She sang with success in the English provinces, Holland, Russia, America, and elsewhere. She reappeared in Pciris at the Lyrique as Giralda, Oct. 21, 1876 ; as Suzanne inGautier's unsuccessful ' La C\6 d'Or,' Sept. 14, 1877, and Martha, and at the Italian Opera in the last part Jan. 3, 1884. [A.C.]
MARIO. Line i,for Conte read Cavaliere. Line 3, for Genoa read Cagliari. Add date of death, Dec. II, 1883.
MARPURG, F. W. Add day of birth, Oct. I. Line 19 from end of article, for 1744-62 read 1754-78.
MARSCHNER, H. Correct date of birth to 1795. P. 219 a, 1. 12, add date of production of 'Heinrich IV.' in Dresden, July 19, 1820. Line 13, add that in 1824 he was appointed Musikdirector. Line 23, for March 29 read March 28. Line 37 add date of production of
��MARTIN Y SOLAR.
��'Templer und Jiidin,' Dec. 1829. P. 219 b, 1. 1, add date of production of 'Der Holzdieb,' 1825 at Dresden.
MARSEILLAISE, LA. Page 219 6, last stave of musical example, the quaver in the second bar should be C, not B. Second line of musical example on next page, the last note should be a quaver, not a crotchet. In sentence at end of article, add that another instance of Schumann's use of the tune, though in a dis- guised form, occurs in the ' Faschingsschwank aus Wien.'
MARSHALL, WILLIAM, Mus. D. Line 6 of article, for 1823 read 1825.
MARTIN, GEORGE CLEMENT, born Sept. 1 1, 1844, at Lambourne, Berks, received instruc- tion in organ-playing from Mr. J. Pearson and Dr. Stainer, also in composition from the latter during the time he was organist there at the parish church. He was appointed private organist to the Duke of Buccleuch, at Dalkeith, in 1871; Master of the Charities, St. Paul's Cathedral, in 1874, deputy organist at the same on the death of Mr. George Cooper in 1876, and organist on the resignation of Dr. Stainer in 1888. He re- ceived the degrees of Mus. Bac., Oxon, in 1869, Fellow of the College of Organists in 1875, and Mus. Doc. (degree conferred by the Archbishop of Canterbury) in 1883, and was appointed the same year teacher of the organ at the Royal College of Music, which post he has since resigned. His compositions include Morning and Evening Com- munion and Evening Service in C for voices and orchestra ; Magnificat and Nunc Dimittis in A, for the same ; the same in Bb for voices, organ, and military band ; the same in G for voices and orchestra ; 7 anthems ; also a variety of com- positions for parochial use ; songs, part songs, etc. Knighted, Easter, 1898. [A.C.]
MARTIN, G. W. Correct date of birth to 1828, and add that he died in great poverty, April 16, 1 88 1, at Bolingbroke House Hospital, Wandsworth. [W.H.H.]
MARTIN Y SOLAR, VICENTE, born at Valencia in 1754 (whence he was known in Italy as 'Lo Spagnuolo'), was a choir-boy in the cathedral of his native town, and afterwards organist at Alicante. On the advice of an Italian singer, named Giuglietti, he went to Flo- rence, where he was commissioned to write an opera for the next Carnival. His ' Iphigenia in Aulide' was accordingly brought out in 1781. Soon after this he produced a new opera, 'Astartea,' in Lucca, as well as a ballet, 'La Regina di Golconda.' In 1783 'La Donna fes- teggiata ' and ' L'accorta cameriera' were brought out at Turin, and in the following year 'Iperm- nestra 1 at Rome. In 1785 he went to Vienna, where he became acquainted with Da Ponte, who wrote for him the libretto of ' II burbero di buon cuore,' produced Jan. 4, 1786. Here as else- where he speedily became the fashion, his operas, ' La capricciosa corretta,' 'L'arbore di Diana,' and ' La cosa rara ' following one another in quick suc- cession. This last work, produced Nov. 1 1 , 1 786,