Page:A History of Horncastle from the Earliest Period to the Present Time.djvu/39

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HISTORY OF HORNCASTLE.

of Gerard de Rhodes, says " Know all, present and future, that I, John, son of Gerard, have granted, and by this charter confirmed, to the Lord Robert Tibetot and Eva his wife (among other things) the homage and whole service of the Bishop of Carlisle, and his successors, for the manor of Horncastre, with appurtenances, &c., which Gerard, son of Gerard my brother, granted to me, &c., to have and to hold of the Lord the King .... rendering for them annually to me and my heirs £80 sterling." While in another Roll[1] of the reign of Richard II., the king states that having inspected the above he confirms the grants, not only to the said ** Robert Tybetot and his wife Eve," but also " to our very dear and faithful Roger le Scrope and Margaret his wife," recognizing them, it would seem, as descendants of the earlier grantee, Gerbald de Escald, from whom they all inherited.

Of these personages we may here say that both Tibetots and Le Scrope were of high position and influence. The name of Thebetot, or Tibetot, is found in the Battle Abbey Roll, as given by the historians Stow and Holin- shed ;[2] with a slight variation of name, as Tibtofts, they were Lords of Langer, Co. Notts., and afterwards Earls of Worcester.[3] According to the historian, Camden, John Tibtoft was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland under Henry VI., created by him Earl of Worcester, but executed for treason. [4] His successor, John, was Lord Deputy under Edward IV.[5] The last of the Tibetots, Robert, died without male issue ; his three daughters were under the guardianship of Richard le Scrope, who married the eldest daughter, Margaret, to his son Roger. This is the one named above in connection with Horncastle. The Tibetot property of Langer, Notts., thus passed to the Le Scropes, and continued in that family down to Emanuel, created Earl of Sunderland by Charles I., A.D. 1628.[6] Castle Combe in Wiltshire was one of their residences,[7]but their chief seat was Bolton in Richmondshire.[8] William le Scrope was created Earl of Wiltshire by Richard II., but beheaded when that king was dethroned and murdered, in 1399.[9] Richard le Scrope was Archbishop of York, but condemned by Henry IV. for treason.[10] The name Le Scrope also appears in the Battle Abbey Roll of the Conqueror. Thus in both Tibetots and Scropes Horncastle was connected with families who played a considerable part in public life.

In the reign of Edward VI. there was a temporary change in the owner- ship of this manor. Among the Carlisle Papers is one[11] by which that king grants permission to Robert Aldrich, Bishop of Carlisle, to sell to our very dear and faithful councellor, Edward Fynes, K.G., Lord Clinton and Saye, High Admiral of England, the lordship and soke of Horncastre, with all rights, appurtenances, &c., to hold to himself, his heirs and assigns for ever," and

that he, the said Edward, " can give and grant to the said Robert, bishop, an


  1. Patent Roll, 14 Richard II., pt. 2, ra. 47, 8 Dec, 1390. Lincs, Notes & Queries vol. v., p. S2l.
  2. Fuller's Church History of Britain, vol. i, pp. 240, 242.
  3. Camden's Britannia p. 484.
  4. Camden's Britannia p. 522.
  5. Ibid, p. 978. The name of Tibetot may possibly still survive in the family of Tibbot, who till quite recently held the manor of Thirableby in the soke of Horncastle.
  6. Ibidem, p. 489.
  7. Ibidem, p. 88.
  8. Ibidem p. 760. This castle was built by Richard, Baron le Scrope, Chancellor of England under Richard II.
  9. Ibidem, p. 99.
  10. Ibidem, p. 722.
  11. Patent Roll 6 Ed. VI., pt. 3, m. 1,21 Nov., 1552, witnessed by the king at Westminster.