Page:A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism - Volume 1.djvu/226
an elliptic integral of the first kind, which we may write according to the usual notation .
In the same way we find
where is the complete function for modulus ,
Here is represented as a function of the angle , which is a function of the parameter , as a function of and thence of , and as a function of and thence of .
But these angles and parameters may be considered as functions of . The properties of such inverse functions, and of those connected with them, are explained in the treatise of M. Lamé on that subject.
It is easy to see that since the parameters are periodic functions of the auxiliary angles, they will be periodic functions of the quantities : the periods of and are and that of is .
150.] If is a linear function of , or , the equation is satisfied. Hence we may deduce from the equation the distribution of electricity on any two confocal surfaces of the same family maintained at given potentials, and the potential at any point between them.
When is constant the corresponding surface is a hyperboloid of two sheets. Let us make the sign of a the same as that of in the sheet under consideration. We shall thus be able to study one of these sheets at a time.
Let , be the values of corresponding to two single sheets, whether of different hyperboloids or of the same one, and let , be the potentials at which they are maintained. Then, if we make
the conditions will be satisfied at the two surfaces and throughout the space between them. If we make constant and equal to in the space beyond the surface a and constant and equal to