Page:A Wayfarer in China.djvu/21

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SUGGESTIONS FOR PRONOUNCING CHINESE NAMES IN THE TEXT


In general vowels are pronounced as in Italian.


a preceded by w and followed by ng is like a in fall.
ü like the French u.
ai like i in mine.
ao like ou in proud.
ei like ey in they.
ie like e-e in re-enter.
ui with vowels distinct.
ou with vowels distinct and stress on o.


Of the consonants, ch, k, p, t, ts are softer than in English, approaching respectively j, g, b, d, dz.

hs is approximately sh (hsien = she-en).


MONEY, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES


Tael, roughly two-thirds of a dollar gold.

Dollar or dollar Mex., about fifty cents gold.

Cash, about the twentieth part of a cent gold.

Li, a scant third of an English mile.

Catty, about one and one-third pounds avoirdupois.