Page:A simplified grammar of the Danish language.djvu/40

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.
28
danish grammar.
Imperf. Past Indic.   Past Participle.
Sing. and Plur.
  fik,   fået.
  blev,   bleven, blevet.
  skulde,   skullet.
  vilde,   villet.
  måtte,   måttet.
  kunde,   kunnet.

Regular Verbs (Regelrette Udsagnsord).

Regular Dano-Norwegian Verbs admit of being grouped under two heads, which are classified as weak modes of conjugation. These are: (1) Those which take ede in the imperfect past of the indicative, and et in the participle past; as, at elske, 'to love,' i. p. elskede, p. p. elsket. (2) Those which add te in the imperf. past of the indicative, and t in the p. past, directly to the root of the word; as, at stræbe, 'to strive,' i. p. stræbte, p. p. stræbt.

In both these forms, the three persons of the present tense of the indicative always end in r in the singular; as, jeg, du, han (or hun), and De, tröster, 'I, etc., console,' from at tröste, 'to console;' jeg, etc., spörger, 'I, etc., ask,' from at spörge, 'to ask.'

The following examples show the manner in which verbs belonging to these two forms are declined:—

Infinitive. Indicative.
  Present.   Imp. Past.
at elske, to love jeg, etc., elsker, I, etc., love, elskede.
vi, etc., elske, we, etc., love, (for all persons).
at söge, to seek jeg, etc., söger, I, etc., seek, sögte.
vi, etc., söge, we, etc., seek, (for all persons).