Page:A simplified grammar of the Danish language.djvu/73
generally motion from, and disassociation; as, han vinker ad Barnet, 'he beckons to the child;' det er en Ven ad mig, 'it is a friend of mine;' hun går af Vejen, 'she goes off the road!' at tage sine Klæder af, 'to take off one's clothes.'
The last example affords an instance of the post position of a preposition, which is of common occurrence in Danish; as, Kommer De med? 'Are you coming (with)?' Luk Vinduet til, 'Shut the window (to);' Det var Drengen, hun gav Blommen til, 'It was the boy to whom she gave the plum;' Lægen gik ham forbi, 'The doctor passed him (by).'
Some prepositions, as bag, 'behind,' foran, 'before,' næst, 'next to,' samt, 'together with,' do not admit of this postposition, but must always precede the word which they govern.
Some prepositions, and most frequently for, over, om, med, til, ved, govern the present infinitive of verbs, preceded by at, 'to;' as, Hun kommer for at se mig, 'She comes (for) to see me;' Jeg glæder mig over at få den Bog, 'I am glad (over) to get that book;' Drengen har ikke Lyst til at rejse, 'The boy does not care to travel.'
The conjunctions at, 'that,' dersom, hvis, 'if,' når, 'when,' så, 'so,' may be omitted before the final clauses of a sentence; as, Generalen så han slå soldaten, 'The General saw (that) he struck the soldier;' Kommer hun her (så understood), går jeg bort, 'If she comes here, I shall go away.'