Page:American Journal of Sociology Volume 9.djvu/732
DR. ALBERT SCHAFFLE.
WE translate the following note from the Berliner Volkszeitung :
"Dr. Schaffle, eminent as an economist and sociologist, died in Stuttgart on Christmas eve, 1903. He was born in Suabia, in the town of Nurtingden, November 24, 1831. At the early age of seven- teen years he entered the University of Tubingen. His first student year fell at the time of the revolution of 1848, which, especially in south Germany, led to great agitation. Schaffle took an active part in the political movements. He resolved to join a number of his fellow-students in the struggle which was waged in Baden, and to espouse the cause of the people. He was already on the way to the seat of war when the news of the suppression of the popular uprising arrived.
"After ending his studies, he devoted himself to journalism. In the Schwabischer Merkur in Stuttgart he found employment until the year 1860. At this time he was called to the University of Tubingen as "Ordentlicher Professor" of political economy and administration. In 1868 he accepted a call to the University of Vienna. During his professorship in Tubingen he did not hold himself aloof from political life. He was a member of the Landtag of Wiirtemberg, and also of the German Tariff Parliament. During his residence in Austria he also had opportunity to share in political activity. In 1871 he was invited to the position of minister of commerce in the cabinet of Count Hohenwart, which was entirely under the control of the Czech ele- ment. His entrance into this ministry made him an object of serious suspicion from the side of the Germans. The ministry lasted only nine months; it was defeated in October, 1871. Schaffle withdrew from Austria and made his permanent residence in Stuttgart, where he devoted himself exclusively to science.
" He was an unusually fruitful author, producing a large number of excellent works, among which are several of permanent value. His writings treated both theoretical' and practical questions. In the work Ban und Leben des socialen Korpers he produced a system of sociology conceived in the most comprehensive spirit. Especial mention should be made of his widely read work, The Quintessence of Socialism. In it he presented, in clear and succinct form, an interpretation of the principles of socialism, and he gave to the interpretation a thoroughly