Page:An Exposition of the Old and New Testament (1828) vol 4.djvu/1026

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AN


EXPOSITION,


WITH


PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS,


OF THE PROPHECY OF


MICAH.





Wc shall have some account of this prophet, in the first verse of the book of his prophecy; and therefore shall here only observe, that being contemporary witli the prophet Isaiah, (only that he began to pro- phesy a little after him,) there is a near resemblance between that prophet's prophecy and this; and there is a prediction of the advancement and establishment of tlie gospel-church, which both of them liave, almost in the same words, that out of the mouth of two such witnesses so great a word might be establislied. Compare Isa. ii. 2, 3, with Mic. iv. 1, 2. Isaiah's prophecy is said to be concerning Juda/i and JerusGlem, hut M.C3.h's concerning Samaria and Jerusalem; for though his prophecy be dated only by tlie reigns of the kings of Judah, yet it refers to tlie kingdom of Israel, tlie approaching ruin of which, in the captivity of the ten tribes, he plainly foretells and sadly laments. What we find here in writing, was but an abstract of the sermons he preached during the reigns of three kings. The scope of the whole is, I. To convince sinners of their sins, by setting them in order before them, charging both Israel and Judah with idolatry, covetousness, oppression, contempt of the word of God: and their rulers especially, both in church and state, with the abuse of their power; and also by showing them the judgments of God ready to break in upon them for their sins. II. To comfort God's people witli promises of mercy and deliverance, especially with an assui-ance of the coming of the Messiah, and of the grace of the gospel through him. It is remarkable concerning this prophec)', and confirms its autliority, that we find two quotations out of it, made publicly upon very solemn occasions, and both referring to very great events. 1. One is, a prediction of the destruction of Jerusalem, (c/i. iii. 12.) which we find quoted in tlie Old Testament, by the elders oj the land, (Jer. xxvi. 17, 18. ) in justification of Jeremiah, when he foretold the judgments of God coming upon Jerusa- lem, and to stay the proceedings of the court against him. Micah (say they) foretold that Zion should be jiloughed as afield, and Hezekiah did not put him to death; why then should we punish Jeremiah for saying the same? 2. Another is a chief prediction of the birth of Christ, (c//. v. 2.) which we find quoted in the New Testament, by the chief priests and scribes of the Jieofile, in answer to Herod's in- quiry, where Christ should be born; (Matth. ii. 5, 6. ) for still we find that to him bear all the prophets witness.



MICAH. I.



CHAP. I.

In this chapter we have, I. The title of the book, (v. 1.) and a preface demanding attention, v. 2. II. Warning jriven of desolating judgments, hastening upon the king- doms of Israel and Judah, (v. 3, 4.) and all for sin, v. 5. III. The particulars of the destruction specified, v. 6, 7. IV. The greatness of the destruction illustrated, 1. By the prophet's sorrow for it, v. 8, 9. 2. By the general sorrow that should be for it, in the several places that must expect to share in it, v. 10 . . 16. These prophecies of Micah might well be called his lamentations. '•T

1.THE word of the Lord that came to Micah the Morasthite, in the clays of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem. 2. Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord God be witness against you, the Lord from his lv<ly temple. 3