Interstate and inter- national relations
right law and punishing fraud by "minor banish- ment." Nicaragua, under its civil code of 1904, grants copyright in perpetuity on registration and deposit of six copies with the Ministry of Agriculture. Right of translation must be reserved by notice. Salvador, under its constitution of 1886 and law of 1900, grants copyright on works published in Salva- dor for life and twenty-five years, or for corporate works fifty years from publication on deposit of one copy with the Minister of Agriculture before publica- tion, with the exceptional provision that if the heirs renounce their rights or fail to make use of them within a year from the author's death, the work falls into the public domain; the translator of a Latin or Greek work is protected as an author, and the gov- ernment may grant five-year licenses for the reprint with author's permission of "interesting works," presumably those published elsewhere.
In 1894-95, and again in 1897-1901, interstate treaties, incidentally covering copyright, were nego- tiated ; but interstate and international relations are now covered by the participation of the five nations, as well as the United States and the Dominican Re- public, in the Mexico convention of 1902 and by the treaty of peace made by these five Central American states at Washington, December 20, 1907. There is some question under the treaty of 1907 whether pro- tection is assured in each state to others than residents, but probably all citizens of the five states are pro- tected throughout all. To secure protection under the convention of 1902, an American citizen should apply for an additional certificate from the U. S. Copyright Office for each country, which after validation by the State Department is sent with one deposit copy for each country to the respective American legations, through which official acknowledgment will be re-