Page:Copyright Act 1978 from Government Gazette.djvu/11

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Government Gazette, 30 June 1978
No. 6092 21
 

Act No. 98, 1978
Copyright Act, 1978.
Special exception in respect of records of musical works.

14. (1) The copyright in a musical work shall not be infringed by a person (in this section referred to as the “manufacturer”) who makes a sound recording or a copy of the work or of an adaptation thereof in the Republic, whether from an imported disc, tape, matrix or otherwise, if―

(a) copies of the work or of a similar adaptation of the work were previously made in or imported into the Republic for the purposes of retail sale and were so made or imported by, or with the licence of, the owner of the copyright in the work;

(b) before making the sound recording or copy the manufacturer gave the prescribed notice to the owner of the copyright of his intention to make it;

(c) the manufacturer intends to sell the copy by retail or to supply it for the purpose of resale by retail by another person or to use it for making other records to be so sold or so supplied; and

(d) in the case of a copy which is sold by retail or supplied for the purpose of resale by retail, the manufacturer pays to the owner of the copyright, in the prescribed manner and at the prescribed time, the prescribed royalties.

(2) Where a sound recording or copy comprises, with or without other material, a performance of a musical work or of an adaptation of a musical work in which words are sung or are spoken that are incidental to, or in association with, the music and no copyright subsists in that work or, if copyright does subsist therein, the conditions specified in subsection (1) are fulfilled in relation to such copyright and―

(a) the words consist or form part of a literary work in which copyright subsists; and

(b) the copies referred to in subsection (1) (a) were made or imported by or with the licence of the owner of the copyright in that literary work; and

(c) the conditions specified in subsection (1) (b) and (d) are fulfilled in relation to the owner of that copyright,

the making of the sound recording or copy shall not constitute an infringement of the copyright in the literary work.

(3) For the purposes of this section an adaptation of a work shall be deemed to be similar to an adaptation thereof contained in a previous sound recording or copy if the two adaptations do not substantially differ in their treatment of the work, either in respect of style or, apart from any difference in number, in respect of the performers required to perform them.

(4) A manufacturer may for the purposes of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) make the prescribed enquiries in order to ascertain whether the previous copies referred to in that paragraph were previously made in or imported into the Republic, and if the owner of the copyright fails to reply to such enquiries within the prescribed period, the said previous copies shall be taken to have been made or imported, as the case may be, with the licence of the owner of the copyright.

(5) The preceding provisions of this section shall apply also with reference to sound recordings or copies of a substantial part of a work or an adaptation thereof: Provided that the provisions of subsection (1) shall not apply with reference to―

(a) a copy of the whole of a work or an adaptation thereof unless the previous copies referred to in paragraph (a) of that subsection were copies of the whole of the work or of a similar adaptation; or

(b) a sound recording or copy of a part of a work or an adaptation thereof unless the sound recordings or copies previously made in or imported into the Republic as contemplated in paragraph (a) of that subsection were