Page:Cyclopaedia, Chambers - Volume 1.djvu/52
A B R
A B R
they were the Scythians who came and fettled in Italy. To Virtues or Powers, the Number of Days in the Fear ■ with
this Sentiment Fejius adheres.
id, S. Jero7?i fays, they were called Aborigines, as having no beginning j of <z/>, and w%0, original ; (. e. as being ori- ginally of that Country, and not a Colony deriv'd from elfe- where : or, as Halicarnaffteits explains it, £m t£ iwirzct rott psT *u7Kf ftf^*'* as being Chiefs, or Leaders of the Race that inhabited that Country. Of this Opinion Virgil feems to be JEneid. L. VII. ver. 177.
Satumufque Senex J&mque bifrontis imago Vejlibulo adjiabant, aliique ab origine Reges.
For, according to the Remark of Servius, ab origine Re- ges, here ftands for Aboriginum Reges. To which it may
other idle Reveries.
This ABPASAS S. Jerom will have to be the fame God whom the Perfians and other Heathens worfhip'd under the Name Mitra 5 which is warranted by fottie antient Grave-ftones. J Tis added, that moft of the Fathers afcnbs the Fable of the God A,3;«3-*£, to Safilides and his Follow- ers, a Branch of Guojl/cs. See Basilidians.
The Gncftics, 'tis known, fuppoied wonderful Virtues in Numbers 5 and accordingly, this fame Abraxas, or rather Abrafax, was thus denominated, as including or compre- hending the Power or Virtue of 365 dependentlntellioences : which Number is exprefs'd by the Greek Letters of the Word ; it being the Cuftom of the Greeks to exprefs their be added, that 'Pliny, L. IV. calls the Tyrians, Aborigines Numbers by the Letters of their Alphabet : The Value of Gadium, the Aborigines of Cadi x ; as being the Founders thofe in the'prefent Word are thus 5 thereof. A e P A % A s
=;dly, 2)ion. Mali car najfeus takes 'em to have been called 1. 2. 100. 1. 60. 1. 200.
Aborigines, A'@omyivt;, from their inhabiting the Mountains ; which added together make the Number 3<5"y.
as who fhould fay, A-na ofe«, a Alontibus : Which Notion feems favour'd by Virgil, JEneid. L. VIII. ver. 321.
Is genus indocile ac difperfum montibus altis Compofuit, Legefque dedit.
Laftly, Others hold, that Cham, the Saturn of the, Egyp- tians, having gather'd together divers wandring Nations, conduced 'em into Italy, and that thefe were the Aborigines. Livy affirms, they came from Arcadia, under the Conduct of Oeuotrus Son of Lycaon. Genebrard will have 'em the tPbtf- nicians, or Canaanites expell'd by Jcflnta.
ABORTION, in Medicine, an immature Exclusion of the Feems ; or the Delivery of a- Woman with Child, before the legitimate Term 5 popularly call'd Mifcarriage. See De- livery, &c.
This may happen at any time of Pregnancy 5 but if be- fore the fecond Month after Conception, it ' a falfe Conception. See Conception.
Abracadabra itill continues in ufe and efteem among fome fuperftittous People, who pretend to do Wonders hereby in the Cure of Agues and Fevers. The manner of preparing this extraordinary Medicine, they have been at the Pains to defcribe in the following Verfes.
Infcribas charts quod dicitur Abracadabra Saepius "& fubter npetas, mirabile diEtu, 1)onec in angujlum rediga.tur littera conum.
That is, c The Word is fTrft to be wrote at length, Abra- t cadabra ; then, under that Abracadabr $ and in the third ' Line Abracadab, &c.
ABRASION, is iometimes ufed among Medical Writers
for the Act of wearing away the natural Mucus which covers
the Membranes, and particularly thofe of the Stomach and
IntetKnes, by fharp corroltve Medicines, or Humors. See
properly call'd Stomach, and Intestines.
The Word is compounded of the Latin ab, and rado, I
We have Inftances of Abortions by the way of the Mouth, fhave, or fcrape off. the Anus, the Navel, &c. See Foetus, Embryo, &c. ABRENUNCIATION. See Renunciation.
The ufual Caufes of Abortion, are immoderate Evacua- ABRIDGMENT, a Summary, or Contraction of a Dilu- tions, violent Motions, fudden PaiTions, Frights, ££>c. Other courfe 5 wherein, the lefs material Things being more briefly Caufes are the largenefs and heavinefs of the Fcetus, Irrita- infilled on, the whole is brought into a lefler Compafs. See tions of the Womb, Relaxation of the Ligaments of the c Pla- Epitome.
The Abridgments of the Philofopbical c tranfactions, of
centa, Weaknefs, and want of Nourifhment in the Fcetus ; excefs of eating, Jong falling or waking, the ufe of Bulks for the Shape, offenfive Smells, violent Purgatives ; and, in the general, any thing that tends to promote the Menft
Mr. Boyle's Philofopbical Works, &c. are Works very ufe- ful in their kind : Tho there is a very great Fault in the former ot thefe ; the Authors having taken upon 'em en-
The Symptoms ufually preceding, are a Fever, either tirely to omit a vaft Number of fuch Papers and Difcourfes
continual or intermitting 5 Pain in the Loins and Head, h< vinefs in the Eyes, a bearing down and Conftri£tion of the Abdomen. When the Time of Mifcarriage is juft at hand, the Pains are much the fame as thofe in Labour. See De- livery.
Abortion is dangerous where the Time of Pregnancy is far advane'd fo that the Fcetus mufl be large, where the
which is not the -ge, Anaie&a, or
were not fo much to their own Tafte ; Nature of an Abridgment, but of a Flori Excerpta.
Abridgment of a Count, or declaration, in Law, is particularly ufed for the making it fhorter, by fubtrafting fome of its Subftance. See Declaration.
Thus, a Man is faid to abridge bis Plaint, in Affize, or a
Caufe is very violent, the Patient ttrongly convulfed, a large Woman her Demand in an Action of Dower, when, having
Hemorrhage precedes or enfues, the Fcetus is putrify'd, &G. put any Lands therein which are not in the Tenure of the
Under other Circumltanccs it rarely proves mortal. Tenant or Defendant ; and Non-Tenure, or the like, is plead-
The Treatment is to be adapted to the particular Symp- ed to that Land in Abatement of the Writ; they are brought
toms and Circumftances : If the Patient be Plethoric, as foon to abridge, i. e. to defift from and leave that Parcel out of
as the firft Symptoms difcover themfelves, a Vein is to be the Demand 3 and pray that the Tenant may anfwer to the
open'd : In cafe of Flooding, recourfe is to be had to proper reft, to which he has not yet pleaded any thing. Afiringents ; or if thofe fail, to Fomentations, Injections, and Tho the Demandant hath abridged his Plaint or Demand 5
Suffu irrigations : If a Tenefmus attend, Rhubarb is to be us'd 5 yet the Writ ftill remains good for the reft. The Reafon is,
and if there be an habitual Laxity of the Uterine VefTels, that fuch Writs run in general, and do not fpecify Particulars. Guaiacum. ABROGATION, the Acl: of annulling or repealing a
Abortion is alfo ufed where the Child dies in the Womb; Law, or of abolifhing or fetting afide the Authority thereof.
tho it remain there many Years, or even as long as the Mo- See Law, Repeal, &c.
AEORTIVE, fomething come before its due time, or be- fore it has arriv'd at its Maturity and Perfection. See A- bortion.
F. Jerom Florentius has an exprefs Treatife of the Bap- tifm of Abortives, or abortive Children. His Aim is to fhew that an Abortive may, and ought to be baptiz'd, at what Time or Term foever it come into the World ; by rea-
The Word, in this Senfe, is borrow'd from the Civil Prac- tice of the Romans. Among that People, to propofe a Law to the People for their Approbation, was call'd Rogare Z<?- gem : hence, to abolifti it was call'd Abrogare 5 to take fomething from it, Derogare ; to add a Claufe to it, Subro~ gare ; and to limit or reftrain it, Obrogare.
ABSCESS, in Medicine and Chimrgery, a Tumor arifing on divers Parts of the Body, and tending to Suppuration. See
fon the precife Time when the Fcetus begins to be animated Tumor, Suppuration, &c.
is not known. There are feveral curious and uncommon Abfceffes arife from Collections of peccant Humours in the
Things in this Work, which is intitled Homo dubius, five de internal Parts of the Body ; and are alfo called Impojlbumes,
baptifmo Abortivorum. Lugd. 16-74. 4to. See Imposthume.
Abortive I\lom, is that made of the Skin of an abortive Their Name Abfcefs comes from the Latin Verb abfee-
Calf, See Velom. dere, to depart, or remove to another Place ; in allufion to
ABRACADABRA, an Infcription, antiently ufed as a the morbid Humors being deriv'd from e-fewhere.
Charm or Spell, for the curing of feveral Difeafes, and dri- Abfceffes arife ofrcneft in Women after Delivery : and tho
Ting out Devils. See Charm, Phylactery, J^c. dangerous in themfelves, yet appear to be the Crifis of the
The Author of this piece of Superftition, who is faid to Difeafe that gave rife thereto. For the Cure, if they can- have lived under the Emperor Adrian, form'd the Name not be dtfcufs'd, i. e. be carried off by proper artificial Eva- from that of the Deity he adored, Abrafax, or Abraxas; cuations, as Phlebotomy, Purging, gjfe. with the ufe of Ca- whnm he made God-paramount ; having feveral petty Divi- lomel between whiles, and gentle perfpirative Fotus's, Li- nities under him, and particularly feven Angels who prefided niments and Cataplafms ; recourfe is to be had to the con- over the feven Heavens 5 and to whom he attributed 365 trary Method, and they muft be brought to Suppuration.