Page:Cyclopaedia, Chambers - Volume 1.djvu/990
the like. See Spinning, Coa-
in Geometry, a Figure which has many Angles. See Figure, and
Cioth, Cordage, or
HENDECAGON, eleven Sides, and a Polygon.
In Fortification, it is taken for a Place defended by eleven Baftions. See Bastion.
The Word is Greek, itfuayt'S; compounded of erJVjs, eleven, and ^und, Angle.
The Word is ufed by M. Saaveur, in his Principles of Acoufticks, for the feventh Part of a Maris ; and in his Syftem, for the 43 d Part of the Octave. See Octave.
HEPTAMERON, a Term literally implying [even Days j being compounded of stto, [even, and n&f_a, Day.
It is chiefly ufed as a Title of certain Books, con- taining the Tranfactions of feven Days.
The Heptameron of Margared de Valois, Sifter to Francis I. of France, and Queen of Navarre, is a very
Poetry, a Verfe of eleven Syllables. See Verse.
Sap\hk, and Phdleuc Vcrfes, are Hendecafyllables, or Heudecafyllabic, E. gr.
Sap. yam fatis terris nivis atque dirt, Sec. Phal. Taffer mortuus eft meg Tuellte, &c.
The Word is Greek, compounded of hSits,, Eleven, and nKhnpfrim, whence the Word Syllable is horrow'd.
HENOTICUM, in Church Hiftory, a famous Edict of the Emperor Zeno, in the Vth Century, intended to reconcile, and reunite the Entychians with the Catholicks. See Eutachian.
It was procured of the Emperor, by Means of Acacms
the Greek and Lathi ingenious Piece, in the Manner of Soccace's Decame,
HEPTARCHY, a Government compofed of feve 1 Pcr- fons : Or a Country govern'd by feven Pcrfons ; or divided into feven Kingdoms. See Government.
The Saxon Heptarchy, included all the Southern Part of England, which was canton'd out into feven petty Kingdoms. It fubfiftcd from the Year 428, to the Year 825, when King Egbert re-united them into one ; and made the Heptarchy into a Monarchy. See Monarchy.
The Word is compounded of the Creek, lit-m, [even, and "'?*"> Imperium, Command, Rule.
HEPTATEUCH, in Matters of Literature, a Volume confifting of feven Books : Or a Work in feven Books.
The Term is chiefly applied to the firft feven Books of the
Patriarch of Conjlautinople, with the Afliftancc of the Friends Old Teftament, viz. Ginejis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers,
of "Peter Mogus. Deuteronomy, jfopua, and judges ; that is, the five Books
The Sting of this Edict J;',cs here, that it does not admit f Mofes called the 'Pentateuch; and the two following ones,
the Council of Chalcedon, like the other three, but rather which are ufually joyn'd therewith. Sec Pentateuch.
feems to charge it with Errors. — It is in Form of a The Word is compofed of ani, [even, and -im-giua,
Letter, addrefs'd by Zeno to the Bimops, Pnefts Monks, j do> j wgrk wha]Ce & a Work Smk ' am ,
and^ People of Egypt^ and Lybia. It was^ oppoftd by the y^^ Heptateuch, a Work of feven Parts ; or feven
Cathoiic'ks, and "condemn'd in Form by Pope Felix III.
The Word is Greek, iwmir, q. d. unitive, reconcitia- tive ; of hia, I unite.
HEPAR, in Anatomy, the Liver. See Liver.
Hepar Uterinum, the fame with 'Placenta. See Placenta.
HEPATIC, in Medicine and Anatomy, fomething that relates to the Liver ; which the Greeks call nmg, Hepar. See Liver.
Hepatic Flux. See Fluxus Hepaticus.
Hepatic Vein, is that otherwife call'd Sa/ilica. See Basilica.
Hepatic DuB, is a Veffel more ufually call'd Torus Zilarius. See Porus Silarius.
Hepati-Cv7?/c Duels. Sec Cist-Hepatic Dull.
Hepatic Aloes, is that otherwife call'd Aloes Succo- trina. See Aloes.
Hepatic Plexus, See Plexus Hepaticus.
HEPATITES, Liver Stone, in Natural Hiftory, a Sort of Stone, thus denominated from its Liver-Colour. Stone.
HEPATITIS, in Medicine, an Inflammation of the Liver, with an Abfcefs or Impofthume thereof. See In- flammation and Liver.
The Hepatitis bears a near Refemblance to the Tleu- ri[y j only that its Symptoms are lefs intenfe. See Pleurisy.
It ufually either kills the Patient, or difcufles, or fuppu- rates gradually, or degenerates into a Schirrus.
HEPATOSCOPIA, the Art of divining, or difcover- ing future, or hidden Things, by infpecting the Entrails of Beafts. See Divination.
The Word is compounded of the Greek htoJ©-, the Genitive of iWf, Liver, and ermia., I confider 5 the Liver being a Part principally regarded.
The Romans call'd it Extijpicina. See Extispex.
different Works ioyn'd in one Volume.
HEPHTHEMIMERES, in the Greek and Latin Poetry, a Sort of Verfe confifting of three Feet, and a Syllable 5 that is, of feven half Feet. See Verse, Foot, &c. Such arc molt of the Verfes in Anacreon.
QeAai I hiyw \ Arei | A?, ©SAM | dt/V >&£ I ^ta I fiiv, &C.
And that of Arifiophanes in his Plums :
E wk3* fwiTei %[ig?t. They are alfo call'd Trimetri CatalecJici. Hephthemimeres, or Hephthemimeride, is alfo a dejtira, after the third Foot, that is, in the feventh half Foot. See Cjf.sura.
'Tis a Rule, that this Syllable, tho' it be /hort in it felf, muft be made long, on Account of the Ctej'ura, or to make it an Hephthemimeres : As in that Verfe See of v 'W l -
Et furiis agitatus Amor, £? con[cia Virtus.
It may be added, that the Ccefura is not to be on the fifth Foot, as it is in the Verfe which'Dr. Harris gives us for an Example,
Ille lattts niveum molli fultus Hyacintho.
This is not a Hepthemimeres C<e[ura, but a Hennea- mimeres, i. e. of nine half Feet.
The Word is Greek, 'EvSifiitugus, compofed of 'Exra, [even, vtuovt, hal[, and p.f3-, Tarts.
HERACLEONITES, anticnt Hereticks, of the Party of the Gnofticks ; thus called from their Leader, Heracleon. See Gnosticks.
S. Epiphanius, Ha;r. 31S. is very ample on this Hcrefy.
, , He reprefents Heracleon as one who had reform'd the
HEPTACHORD in the ant.ent Poetry. -Heptachord Thcolo r of thc Gaofiick jn Poi h , fi ._
^ were thofe fung or playd on feven Chords ; that t $ hact rctai J the ; . * A . ,' £ - f
i„'ftn,^„?wifTv, XrUT 5 ^^ ° n a " rcfincd on the <" di ^y Intentions of Abundance of
Inftrument w.th feven Strings. Texts of Scripture; and even alter'd the Words of fome
The Word is compounded of exra, [eptem, and #fA, to make t h em confift with his own Notions Chord, String. For Examp i e; he maintain that by thofe Worcls of
Geometry, a^ Figure confifting of St. John, all Things -were made by him,, is not to be
underftood the Univerfe, and all that is g'ood therein : The
HEPTAGON feven Sides and feven Angles. See Figure.
If the Sides be all equal, it is call'd a Regular Hep- tagon. See Regular.
In Fortification, a Place ftrengthen'd with feven Baftions for its Defence, is call'd a Heptagon. See Bastion.
Thc Word is compounded of iirm, [eptem, feven, and yuvia, Angle,
Univerfe, which he calls JEon, was not made by the Word, but was made before him. And to fupport this ConftruAion, he added to thofe Words of St. John, -without him nothing was made, thofe other Words o[ Things in the World.
He diftinguilhed two Kinds -of Worlds ; the one Di- vine, the other Corruptible ; and reftrained the Word
HEPTAGONAL Numbers, are a Sort of Polygonal w-ra, all Things, to this lair. He held that the Word
Numbers ; wherein the Difference of the Terms of the did not create the World immediately, and of himfelf, but
correfponding arithmetical Progrcffion is five. See Po- only gave Occafion to the jOemiurgos to do ir.
lygonal Number. The Heracleonites, after the Example of their Mafter,
One Property, among others, of thefe Numbers, is, that annull'd all the anticnt Prophecies ; holding, that St. John
if they be multiplied by 40, and 9 added to the Product 5 was really the Voice that proclaimed and pointed out the
the Sum is a fquare Number. See Number. Mefliah, but that the Prophecies were only empty Sounds, and
HEPTAMER1S, Eptameris, literally fignifies a feventh fignificd nothing. — They held themfelves fuperior in Point
Part ; being form'd of the Greek, sir™, [even, and (Mas, ot Knowledge to the Apoftles ; and on that footing dared
Tart or Tortiox. t0 advance the moft extravagant Paradoxes, on Pretence of