Page:Cyclopaedia, Chambers - Volume 2.djvu/363
'Partition alfo may be made by Joint-Tenants in common, by Aflent, by Deed, or by Writ.
Partition, in Mufic, the Diipofition of the feveral Parts ot a Song, fet on the fame Leaf; fo as upon the uppermott Ranges of Lines are found the Treble ; in another the BaJS; in another the Tenor, &c. that they may be all fung or play d jointly or feparately. See Part, Music, Sff.
Partition, in Architecture, that which divides or feparates one Room or Apartment from another.
Partition, in Heraldry. See Quartering.
PARTNER, and PARTNERSHIP. See Parcener, an d Co-partner.
PARTURITION, the Aft of bringing forth, or being delivered of Young. See Delivery.
PARTUS, in Medicine and Law, the Delivery of a Wo- man, or the Birth of a Child. See Deuvery and Birth.
Ckirem Partus, is that where the Mother is cut open, and the Child taken out at one Side SeeC*sARE 0s .
PARTY or PAR'I IE, a Faction, Interett, or Power, con- fidered as oppofite to another SeeFACTioN.
The French, and Spaniards are always ot oppofite Turtles: England has, for upwards of a Century, been divided into two Turtles. See Whig and Tory.
Party in Law. See Partii-. _',«.,,
Party, in the military Senfe, is ufed for a Eody ot Men, whether Cavalry, Infantry, or both, commanded out on any Expedition. A Tarty ot Cavalry carried off a great Number of Cattle. Thofe whogo out on Turtles mould have an Or- der in writing from the commanding Officer, and be at leatt twenty in Number, if Foot, or fifteen, if Horfe ; otherwife they are reputed as Brigands.
it.inju.ry, inLaw. See Medietas LingU£.
Party, in Heraldry. See Parti.
PARULIS in Medicine, an Inflammation of the Gums, attended with a violent Pain, and an Apotlhume ; fometimes ending in an Ulcer, and fometimes in a Cancer, Fifluta, Gan-
gK Semiemis orders it to be cured by Revulfion, Derivation, and proper Gargarifms. Care is to be taken in the Beginning to prevent the Apotlhume. ,»,-.-■■„■
The Word is Greek, form'd of ^rajy-near, and *M Gingiva,
PASCHAL, fomething belonging to the Jewifi Paffover, or the Chriltian Eafter. See Passover. See alfo Easter.
The 2V/HWLamb is a Lamb the Jems eat with a deal of Ceremony in Memory of their having been brought out ot Slavery in Egypt. It fhou'd be eaten Handing, their Loins girt, the Start in the Hand, &c.
Paschu Rents, are Rents or annual Duties paid by the inferior Clergy to the Bifhop, or Arch-deacon, at their Eafter Vifitations : They are alfo called Symdals. See Synodals.
Pisciial Letter, in Church-Hiflory, a Circular Letter, which the Patriarch of Alexandria, firtt, then rhe Pope, anci- ently wrote to all the Metropolitans, to inform 'em of the Day whereon the Featt of Eafter was to be celebrated. See
PASQU1N, a mutilated Statue, feen at Rome, in a Corner of the Palace o'f the Urfines. .
It takes its Name from a Cobler ot that City, called Taf attitl famous for his Sneers and his Gibes ; and whofe Shop was 'the Refort of a Number of idle People, who diverted themfelves with bantering Folks as they pafs'd by.
After Tafqain's Death, as they were digging up the Pave- ment before his Shop, they found a Statue ot an antient Gla- diator well cut, bur maim'd and halt fpoil d. This they let up in the Place where 'twas found, ar rhe Corner of the de- ceas'd Matter Tafquin's Shop ; and, by common Confenr, cail'd it by the Name of the Defend.
mencing from the left Foot out of Meafure of the firm Foot ; as when the Enemy is not expected. Others necejjary, made after a Pufh from rhe right Foot ; where being fo prefs'd by the Enemy, as not to have Time to retire, you endeavour to feize the Guard of his Sword.
The Meafure of the Taj's is, when the two Smalls of the Swords are fo near, as that they may touch one another. There are Tajjes, within, above, beneath, to the right, the left, Tajjes under the Sword, over the Line, &c.
Pass of Arms, in Chivalry, a Place which the antient Knights undertook to defend, E.gr. a Bridge Road, &c. not to be patted without fighting the Perfons who kept them.
The Knights who held the Tafs hung up their Arms on Trees, Pales, Columns, £ifc. erected for the Purpofe ; fuch as were difpofed ro difputethe Tafs, touched one of thefe Ar- mories with his Sword ; which was a Challenge the other was obliged to accept. The Vanquifh'd gave the Victor fuch Prize as was before agreed on.
VAss-Tcrt, a Licence, or Letter from a Prince, or Governor, granting Liberty and Sate-Conduct to travel, enter, and go out of his 7'erritories, freely and without Molettation.
The Tafs-Tort is, properly, given to Friends, and the Safe- Conduct ro Enemies. See Safe-Conduct.
Tafqnier takes Tajje-Tort to be ufed for TaJJe-par-tout. Balfac mentions a very honourable Tafs-Tort given by an Em- peror to a Philofopher ; in thefe Terms : Ij there be any one on Land, or on Sea, hardy enough to moleftAnnmon ; let him cenfider whether he be ftrong enough to wage War with Catfar.
Pxss-Tort is alfo ufed for a Licence granted by a Prince for the importing or exporting Merchandizes, Moveables, ££fc. without paying the Duties.
Merchants fometimes procure fuch Tafs-Torts for certain Kinds of Commodities ; and they are always given to Era- batfadors and Miniiters, for their Baggage, Equipage, &c.
^Ass-Tort is alfo a Licence obtain'd for rhe importing or exporring of Merchandizes deem'd Contraband, and declared fuch by Tariffs, t5"c. as Gold, Silver, pretious Stones, Am- munition of War, Horfes, Corn, Wool, t£c. upon paying Du- ties.
VAss-Tarole, a Command given in rhe Head of an Army, and rhence communicated to the Rear 5 by patting it from Mouth to Mouth.
]>Asspar-tcut, a Matter-key ; or Key that opens indiffe- rently feveral Locks belonging to the fame Lodge or Apart- ment. See Key.
VAss-Volant, a Fagot, or a pretended Soldier, not enroll'd, whom the Captain or Colonel makes pafs in Review, or Mutter, ro mew that his Company is compieat, or to receive the Pay thereof to his own Profit. See Facot, &c.
In France the Tajfe-vclants are condemn'd to be mark'd on the Cheek with a Ftonr-de-lis.
PASSA, or TaJJ'a Uva, in Pharmacy, a Term applied to thofe dried Grapes, which we call Raijins. See Raisin.
Uv<£ TaJJe is fometimes alfo ufed, with lefs Propriety, for Figs. See Fig.
PASSADE, or PASSADO, in Fencing, a Thrutl or Pafs. See Pass.
Passade, is alfo a Benevolence or Alms given to poor Paf- fengers.
In the Manage, it fignifies a Turn, or Courfe of a Horfe backwards and forwards on the fame Plot of Ground.
PASSAGE, in Commerce, Right of Tajjage is an Impofi- tion which fome Princes exact by their Officers or Farmers, in certain narrow clofe Places of their Territories, either at Land or Sea ; on all Veffels, Vehicles, and Carriages of all Kinds ; and even fometimes on Perfons, and Pattengcrs coming in or going out of Ports, $$c.
The Tajjage of the Sound, (that famous Streight which car-
Time all Satires, and Lampoons are afcribed to ries us out of the German into the Baltic Sea) is the molt
this Fipure, are put in its Mouth, or they camefrom Tafquin rediyivns.
Tafquin ufually addreffes himfelf to MarjwiH, another Sta- tue in Rome ; or Marforio to Tafquin, whom they make
reP The Anfwers are ufually very fhort, poignant, and unlucky : Streight ; but by the Treaty of 1 710, they are excluded the Pri- When Marforio is attack'd, Tafquin conies to his Affittance ; vilege; and put on the fame Footing with their Neighbours. and Tafquin is affifled by Maijbrio in his Turn, i. e. rhe Peo- Cromwell was bent on extorting this Tajjage from the Danes ;
lebrated Tajjage in Europe. The Rights belong to the King of Denmark, and are paid at Elfenore or Cronembourg.
All Nations who traffic into this Part of the North; are fub- ject to this Right ; the Swedes, indeed, were exempted from it bytheTreaty of 1658, by their feizing the other Side of the
pie make" the two Statue's fpeak juft what they pleafe. See
Marforio. _,„_■. , r • 1
PASQUINADE, or PASQUIL, is, properly, a fatyncal Libelfaftened tothe Statue of Tafquin. SeePAsquiN. •
Hence by Extenfion, the Term becomes ufed for any Sa- tire, Lampoon, or Sneer upon the Public, or the ruling Powers.
d had, doubtlefs, effected it, but that 'ere the Fleet he fent for the Purpofe arriv'd there, he died.
Birds t/Passage, are fuch as only come at certain Seafons, and then difappear again ; being fuppofed to pafs the Sea to fome other Climate. See Migration.
"Ehe Birds of Tajjage are rhe Stork, Swallow, Nightingale, Martin, Woodcock, Quail, ££c. There are alfo Fifhes cfTaf-
There is this Difference between a Tafquinade and a Satire; fage, as Herrings, Mackerel, &c.
that the End of the latter is to correft and reform ; whereas that of the former is only to feoff and expofo.
The Italians have publifh'd feveral Books which they call Tafquino in e/iaji.
PASS, PASSADE, in Fencing, a Leap or Advance upon the Enemy. , _ „
Of thefe there are feveral Kinds; asvclmitaryTaJJes,Qom-
Mr. Derham. produces it as a remarkable Inftance of Inftinct, that, — tbeftork in the heavens knoweth her appointed times, and the turtle, and the crane, and the fwallow cbferve the time of their coming — ■ Jer. viii. 7. No doubt, the Temperature of the Air, and their eatural Propenfity to breed their Young, are the great Incentivesto this Migration : But how thefe untaught, unthinking Creatures, mould fo exactly know the belt and on- ly