Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 08.djvu/276

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the church of England refutes the former theory, and proves that the church of England was to be regarded as the sole established religion. Certainly Baltimore sought the free exercise of his own religion, and was prepared to practise the toleration he demanded, but no legal provision for toleration was made until the laws of 1649. The power of the proprietor and the composition of the colony were sufficient to secure it. Baltimore married in 1604–5 Anne (d. 1622), daughter of George Mynne of Hertingfordbury, Hertfordshire, a Roman catholic. He was succeeded by his son Cecil; a second son, Leonard [q. v.], was the first governor of Maryland.

Baltimore's works are: 1. ‘Carmen funebre in D. Hen. Untonum,’ in an Oxford collection of verses on Sir Henry Unton's death, 1596, 4to. 2. ‘The Answer to Tom Tell-Troth, the Practice of Princes, and the Lamentations of the Kirk,’ a quarto pamphlet printed in 1642, and said to be ‘written by Lord Baltimore, late secretary of state.’ This is a justification of the policy of King James in refusing to support the claim of the Elector Palatine to the crown of Bohemia, or to support by arms his restoration to his hereditary dominions. 3. ‘He hath also written something concerning Maryland, but whether printed or not I cannot tell’ (Wood). 4. Letters in various printed collections, viz. four letters in the ‘Strafford Papers,’ five in the ‘Clarendon State Papers,’ four in Leonard Howard's ‘Collection of Letters,’ 1753, eleven letters in the ‘Fortescue Papers’ (Camden Society, 1871), three in the ‘Relations between England and Germany in 1618–19’ (Camden Society, 1865), two letters in the ‘Court and Times of James I,’ and others in the ‘Calendar of Domestic State Papers.’ Manuscript letters are to be found, six in the ‘Tanner MSS.,’ fifteen among the ‘Harleian MSS.’ (1580), and in ‘MSS. Cotton. Julius,’ c. iii. fol. 126–30.

[Calendar of Domestic, Colonial, and Irish State Papers; Wood's Athenæ Oxon.; Lloyd's State Worthies; Goodman's Court of James I; Court and Times of James I and Charles I, 4 vols. 1848; Gardiner's History of England; Doyle's The English in America; Neill's Sir George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, Baltimore, 1869; Kennedy's Discourse on the Life and Character of Sir G. Calvert, Baltimore, 1845; the Reply to Kennedy and the Review of Reply to Kennedy's Life of Sir George Calvert; the London Magazine for June 1768 contains an account of the Baltimore family.]

C. H. F.

CALVERT, GEORGE (1795–1825), surgeon, obtained the Jacksonian prize of the London College of Surgeons three years in succession. One of the essays, ‘On Hæmorrhoids, Strictures,’ &c., was expanded and published in 1824. The ‘Medico-Chirurgical Review’ described it as ‘the best in the English language,’ April 1825, p. 297. Calvert also revised Coffyn's translation of Bichat's ‘General Anatomy,’ 1824. He showed great promise, but died on 14 Nov. 1825, aged 30.

[Gent. Mag. 1825, November, p. 475.]

G. T. B.

CALVERT, Sir HARRY (1763?–1826), baronet, general, was eldest son of Peter Calvert, of Hampton Court, a partner in the brewing firm (d. 1810), by his wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Reeve, M.D., and grandson of Felix Calvert of Oldbury Park. He was christened in March 1763 (Berry, Hertfordshire Genealogies, p. 21). He was educated at Harrow, and at the age of fifteen was appointed to the 23rd royal Welsh fusiliers, his commission as second lieutenant therein bearing date 24 April 1778. In the following spring he joined his regiment, then at New York, with General Clinton, and became a first lieutenant on 2 Oct. 1779. He served with the regiment at the siege of Charleston, and throughout the subsequent campaigns under Lord Cornwallis, and was present at the surrender at York Town on 17 Oct. 1781. He remained a prisoner of war in America from 1781 until the peace of 1783, and returning home with his corps early in 1784, received permission to spend the remainder of the year on the continent. In October 1785 he purchased a company in the 100th, and reverting to the 23rd as captain en second a month later continued to serve with it at home until 1790, when he exchanged from the 23rd to the Coldstream guards, as lieutenant and captain. In February 1793 he embarked for Holland with his battalion, forming part of the brigade of guards under Lake, and, after the arrival of the troops before Tournay, was appointed aide-de-camp to the Duke of York, in which capacity he was present in the principal engagements during the campaigns of 1793–4. Having returned home with the Duke of York in December 1794, he was despatched in April 1795 on a confidential mission to Brunswick and Berlin, the object of which was to induce the King of Prussia to take the initiative in placing the Duke of Brunswick at the head of the allied armies. In December of the same year Calvert became captain and lieutenant-colonel in the Coldstreams, and in 1796 was appointed deputy adjutant-general at headquarters. He became brevet lieutenant-colonel in 1797, and in 1799 exchanged as lieutenant-colonel to the 63rd foot, retaining his staff appointment. On 8 June 1799 he married the second daughter of Thos. Hammersley of Pall Mall,