Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 13.djvu/12

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1827 to 1842 assisted his father in the pastorate of St. Peter's. The baptist chapel at Hastings had the benefit of his services from 1842 to 1844, when he removed to Montreal, Canada, having the appointment of president of the baptist college in that city. During part of his tenure of that post he was associated with Dr. Benjamin Davis, the distinguished Semitic scholar. Cramp settled at Accadia College, Nova Scotia, in June 1851, as its president, and did much by his exertions to increase the utility and insure the success of that institution. He originated the endowment scheme and threw himself vigorously into the work of placing the college on a sure financial basis by helping to raise forty-eight thousand dollars during eight months in 1857. After his resignation in 1869 he devoted himself to theological literature, and besides his printed works left in manuscript a ‘System of Christian Theology.’ He edited the ‘Register,’ a Montreal weekly religious journal, from 1844 to 1849, when it ceased to exist. In conjunction with the Rev. W. Taylor, D.D., he conducted the ‘Colonial Protestant,’ a monthly magazine, from 1848 to 1849, when it was discontinued, and he was general editor of the ‘Pilot’ newspaper from 1849 until he removed to Nova Scotia. In the ‘Christian Messenger’ of Halifax he published ‘A History of the Baptists of Nova Scotia,’ and contributed to a large extent to various other religious and secular journals.

He died at Wolfville, Nova Scotia, 6 Dec. 1881, undoubtedly the most learned man of the baptist denomination who ever resided in the lower province of Canada.

Cramp was the author or editor of the following works: 1. ‘Bartholomew Day Commemorated,’ a sermon, 1818. 2. ‘Sermon on Day of Interment of George III,’ 1820. 3. ‘An Essay on the Obligations of Christians to observe the Lord's Supper every Lord's Day,’ 1824. 4. ‘On the Signs of the Times,’ 1829. 5. ‘The Inspiration of the Scriptures.’ 6. ‘Sermon on Death of George IV,’ 1830. 7. ‘A Text-book of Popery, comprising a history of the Council of Trent,’ 1831, several editions. 8. ‘Sermon on Death of William IV,’ 1837. 9. ‘Lectures on Church Rates,’ 1837. 10. ‘The Scripture Doctrine of the Person of Christ.’ 11. ‘The Reformation in Europe,’ 1844. 12. ‘Lectures for these Times,’ 1844. 13. ‘Inaugural Address and Introductory Lecture to the Theological Course at Accadia College,’ 1851. 14. ‘Scriptures and Tradition.’ 15. ‘A Portraiture from life, by a Bereaved Husband,’ 1862. 16. ‘The Great Ejectment of 1662,’ 1862. 17. ‘A Catechism of Christian Baptism,’ 1865. 18. ‘Baptist History from the Foundation of the Christian Church to the Eighteenth Century,’ 1868, several editions. 19. ‘The Lamb of God,’ 1871. 20. ‘Paul and Christ,’ a portraiture, 1873. 21. ‘Memoir of Madame Feller, with an account of the origin of the Grande Ligne Mission,’ 1876. 22. ‘Memoir of Dr. Coté.’

[Morgan's Bibliotheca Canadensis (1867), p. 84; Morgan's Dominion Annual Register, 1880–1881, p. 403; Times, 26 Dec. 1881, p. 7.]

G. C. B.

CRAMPTON, Sir JOHN FIENNES TWISLETON (1805–1886), diplomatist, born on 12 Aug. 1805, was the elder son of Sir Philip Crampton [q. v.], M.D., F.R.S., surgeon-general to the forces, and surgeon in ordinary to the queen, in Ireland, who was created a baronet on 14 March 1839. He entered the diplomatic service as an unpaid attaché at Turin on 7 Sept. 1826, and was transferred to St. Petersburg on 30 Sept. 1828. He became a paid attaché at Brussels on 16 Nov. 1834, and at Vienna on 9 May 1839, and was promoted to be secretary of legation at Berne on 13 Dec. 1844, and transferred to Washington, where his most important diplomatic services were rendered, in the same capacity on 3 July 1845. He served at first under Sir Richard Pakenham, and then under Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, successive ministers plenipotentiary, and acted as chargé d'affaires from May 1847 to December 1849, and again from August 1850, when Sir Henry Bulwer left America after concluding the well known Clayton-Bulwer treaty, until January 1852, when Crampton was himself appointed minister plenipotentiary and envoy extraordinary to the United States of America. He did not succeed in making himself agreeable to American statesmen, and at the time of the Crimean war nearly caused an open rupture between Great Britain and the United States. At that time the exigencies of the Crimean war brought about the raising of various foreign corps in English pay, notably the German, Swiss, and Italian legions, and Crampton actively forwarded the schemes of his government by encouraging and even engaging in the recruiting of soldiers within the territories of the United States. It was not until the very close of the Crimean war, in 1856, that the behaviour of Crampton was seriously regarded. It has been said that the whole proceedings were encouraged by President Franklin Pierce, in order to gain popularity and possibly a fresh term of office, by showing a vigorous front towards, and even inflicting an insult on, England. At any rate Mr. Marcy, the American secretary of state, while accepting Lord Clarendon's apologies for the breach of American