Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 13.djvu/43

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1609 is a statement by him containing what he knew about ‘the discovery of that damnable libell, the Puritanus’ (Calendar of State Papers, Dom. 1603–10, p. 536). In 1610 he addressed to Sir Julius Cæsar, chancellor of the exchequer, a letter testifying to Sir Thomas Cæsar's godly disposition on the morning of his death (Addit. MS. 12497, f. 467).

He became prebend of Osbaldwick in the church of York on 2 April 1617 (Le Neve, Fasti, ed. Hardy, iii. 208), and on 13 Nov. 1618 was admitted to the church of St. Mary Matfellon, or Whitechapel, London, on the presentation of Sir John North and William Baker (Wood, Athenæ Oxon. ed. Bliss, ii. 468 n.) He died in 1626, and his will was proved on 16 Oct. in that year.

He was twice married. His first wife was the mother of the poet, Richard Crashaw [q. v.] He married secondly, at All Hallows Barking, on 11 May 1619, Elizabeth Skinner, daughter of Anthony Skinner of that parish, gentleman (Notes and Queries, 3rd ser. ii. 424, 425). This second wife is commemorated in a privately printed tractate entitled ‘The Honovr of Vertve, or the Monument erected by the sorowfull Husband, and the Epitaphes annexed by learned and worthy men, to the immortall memory of that worthy gentlewoman, Mrs. Elizabeth Crashawe, who died in child-birth, and was buried in Whit-Chappell, October 8, 1620. In the 24 yeare of her age.’ Archbishop Ussher preached her funeral sermon, ‘at which sermon and funerall was present one of the greatest assemblies that ever was seene in man's memorie at the buriall of any priuate person.’ Crashaw placed a monument to her memory in the chancel of Whitechapel Church (Stow, Survey, ed. Strype, ii. 45).

Crashaw was a good scholar, an eloquent preacher, and a strong protestant. His principal works are: 1. ‘Romish Forgeries and Falsifications, together with Catholike Restitutions,’ London, 1606, 4to. 2. ‘Newes from Italy, of a second Moses, or the life of Galeacius Caracciolus, the noble Marquesse of Vico,’ translated, London, 1608, 4to. Other editions appeared, some of which are entitled ‘The Italian Convert’ (Brydges, Censura Literaria, ed. 1809, x. 105). 3. ‘The Sermon preached at the Crosse, Feb. xiiij. 1607. Justified by the Authour, both against Papist and Brownist, to be the truth: Wherein this point is principally followed; namely, that the religion of Rome, as now it stands established, is worse than ever it was,’ London, 1608, 4to. 4. ‘A Sermon preached before the right honorable the Lord Lawarre, Lord Governour and Captaine Generall of Virginea, and others of his Maiesties Counsell for that Kingdome, and the rest of the Adventurers in that Plantation, Feb. 21, 1609,’ London, 1610, 4to (Anderson, Hist. of the Church of England in the Colonies, i. 232–93). Mr. Grosart says ‘there is no nobler sermon than this of the period.’ 5. ‘The Jesuites Gospel, written by themselves, discovered and published,’ London, 1610, 1621, 4to; reprinted in 1641 under the title of ‘The Bespotted Jesuite, whose Gospell is full of Blasphemy against the Blood of Christ,’ London, 1641, 4to; and again in 1643, under the title of ‘Loyola's Disloyalty, or the Jesuites in Open Rebellion against God and His Church,’ London, 1643, 4to. 6. ‘Manuale Catholicorum: a Manuall for true Catholickes (Enchiridion piarum Precum et Meditationum. A Handful, or rather a Heartfull of Holy Meditations and Prayers),’ Latin and English, London, 1611, 12mo. A poetical work, in two divisions. Other editions appeared in 1616 and 1622. 7. ‘Consilium quorundam Episcoporum Bononiæ congregatorum quod de ratione stabiliendæ Romanæ Ecclesiæ Julio III Pont. Max. datum est. Quo artes et astutiæ Romanensium et arcana Imperii Papalis non pauca propalantur,’ London, 1613, 4to. Dedicated to Henry, earl of Southampton. 8. ‘The Complaint, or Dialogue betwixt the Soule and the Bodie of a damned man. Supposed to be written by S. Bernard, from a nightly vision of his; and now published out of an ancient manuscript copie,’ London, 1616, 16mo. This is the most remarkable of Crashaw's writings in verse. The poem, the original and translation of which occupy alternate pages, is divided into eighty-five verses, as a dialogue between the author, a soul departed, a dead carcase, and the devils. The volume, consisting of thirty-four leaves, is dedicated to some of the translator's friends, benchers of the Inner Temple (Lowndes, Bibl. Man. ed. Bohn, p. 550). 9. ‘Fiscus Papalis, sive Catalogus Indulgentiarum et reliquiarum septem principalium Ecclesiarum Urbis Romæ, ex vet. MS. descriptus,’ London, 1617, 1621, 4to. 10. ‘Milke for Babes, or a North Countrie Catechisme, made plaine and easy to the capacitie of the countrie people,’ second impression, London, 1618, 16mo. 11. ‘The Parable of Poyson. In five sermons of spirituale poyson,’ London, 1618, 8vo. 12. ‘The New Man; or a Supplication from an unknowne person, a Roman Catholike, unto James, the Monarch of Great Brittaine, touching a necessity of a Generall Councell to be forthwith assembled against him that now usurps the Papall Chaire under the name of Paul the Fifth,’ London, 1622, 4to. 13. ‘The Fatall Vesper, or a trve and pvnctvall rela-