Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 23.djvu/273

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Grinfield
Grinfield
265

St. John's, ed. Mayor, i. 284), and probably at the end of 1546 was summoned to court at Cheke's recommendation to act as tutor to the Lady Elizabeth. Cheke had gone as tutor to Prince Edward in 1544 and had taken part in Elizabeth's education as well; but in December 1546 the children were separated and Elizabeth was sent to Enfield. It was probably at this time that Grindal entered upon his duties, and it says much for his power as a teacher if he managed to teach Elizabeth anything during the time when in her fifteenth year she was beginning her career as a coquette under the guidance of Lord Thomas Seymour. However, before the scandal of this intrigue became notorious Grindal died of the plague in the summer of 1548, and was succeeded by his friend Ascham in his post as Elizabeth's tutor.

[Besides the Letters of Ascham referred to above, ii. 19, 20 are written to Grindal, and 21 to Elizabeth about him. Their contents have been summarised by Strype, Life of Grindal, p. 4; Cooper's Athenæ Cantabr. i. 94.]

M. C.

GRINFIELD, EDWARD WILLIAM (1785–1864), biblical scholar, was the son of Thomas Grinfield and Anna Joanna, daughter of Joseph Foster Barham of Bedford, and brother of Thomas Grinfield [q. v.] He was born in 1785, and was a schoolfellow of Thomas de Quincey [q. v.] at Winkfield, Wiltshire. He entered Lincoln College, Oxford, proceeded B.A. 1806, M.A. 1808, and was ordained in the same year by the Bishop of Lincoln. After studying in the Temple he became minister of Laura Chapel, Bath; afterwards he removed to London, where he occasionally preached at Kensington, and wrote many pamphlets, articles, and reviews, all favouring extreme orthodoxy. In 1859 he founded and endowed a lectureship at Oxford on the Septuagint. Grinfield died at Brighton on 9 July 1864, and is buried in Hove churchyard. His works are: 1. ‘Reflections on the Connection of the British Government with the Protestant Religion,’ 1807. 2. ‘The Crisis of Religion,’ 1811, and with ‘Strictures on Mr. Lancaster's System of Popular Education,’ 1812. 3. ‘Reflections upon the Influence of Infidelity and Profaneness on Public Liberty, with a Plan for National Circulating Libraries,’ 1817. 4. ‘Connection of Natural and Revealed Theology,’ 1818. 5. ‘Cursory Observations upon the Lectures in Physiology, Zoology, and Natural History of Man, by Mr. Laurence,’ 2nd edition, 1819. 6. ‘Sermons on the Parables,’ 1819. 7. ‘The Researches of Physiology,’ 1820. 8. ‘Thoughts on Lord Brougham's Education Bill,’ 1821. 9. ‘Vindiciæ Anglicanæ, Letter to Dr. Copleston on his Inquiry into the Doctrine of Necessity and Predestination, with a second part,’ 1822. 10. ‘Sermon on Paley's Exposition of the Law of Honour,’ 1824. 11. ‘The Doctrinal Harmony of the New Testament,’ 1824. 12. ‘A Reply to Mr. Brougham's Practical Observations upon the Education of the People,’ 1825. 13. ‘The Nature and Extent of the Christian Dispensation with reference to the Salvability of the Heathen,’ 1827. 14. ‘A Scriptural Inquiry into the Nature and Import of the Image and Likeness of God in Man,’ 1830. 15. ‘Sketches of the Danish Mission on the Coast of Coromandel,’ 1831. 16. ‘Christian Sentiments suggested by the Present Crisis; or, Civil Liberty founded upon Self-Restraint,’ 1831. 17. ‘Reflections after a Visit to the University of Oxford,’ on the proceedings against R. D. Hampden [q. v.], 1836. 18. ‘The Chart and Scale of Truth,’ 1840. 19. ‘Novum Testamentum Græcum. Editio Hellenistica,’ 1843. 20. ‘Scholia Hellenistica in Novum Testamentum,’ &c., 1848. 21. ‘An Expostulatory Letter to the Right Rev. Bishop Wiseman on the Interpolated Curse in the Vatican Septuagint,’ 1850. 22. ‘An Apology for the Septuagint,’ 1850. 23. ‘The Jesuits: an Historical Sketch,’ 1851, 1853. 24. ‘The Christian Cosmos: the Son of God the revealed Creator,’ 1856.

[Hist. of Preaching, ed. R. Eden, 1880; Page's De Quincey, i. 43, ii. 305, 343; Walford's Men of the Time, 1862, 5th edition; Letters from C. V. Grinfield (his nephew) and H. Coxwell (his son-in-law); Brit. Mus. Cat.; various newspaper cuttings.]

N. D. F. P.

GRINFIELD, THOMAS (1788–1870), divine and hymn-writer, son of Thomas Grinfield and brother of Edward William Grinfield [q. v.], was born at Bath in 1788, and educated at Wingfield, near Trowbridge, and afterwards at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he proceeded B.A. 1811. He was ordained 1813. He married his first cousin, Mildred Foster Barham; became curate at St. Sidwell's, Exeter; then rector of Shirland, Derbyshire; he subsequently resided at Clifton, and was for twenty-three years curate in charge of St. Mary-le-Port, Bristol. He died at Clifton on 8 April 1870, and was buried in the cemetery at Weston-super-Mare. Though he published little, his compositions were numerous, especially his sermons. Studious and contemplative, he mingled little with society. He was an accomplished scholar and poet. His works are: ‘Epistles and Miscellaneous Poems’(1815), ‘The Omnipotence of God, with other Sacred Poems’ (1824), ‘The Visions of Patmos’ (1827), ‘A Century of Original Sacred Songs,’ 'Sacred Poems,’