Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 24.djvu/254

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Hammond
Hammond
240

some pieces of his own which had been ascribed to others ‘to their prejudice,’ as the ‘Ode on Solitude’ to Roscommon. In 1721 he permitted the publication of his ‘Solitudinis Munus: or, Hints for Thinking’ (anon.), 8vo, London, 1721. He also wrote a clear, concise, and moderate retrospect of the South Sea year, entitled ‘A Modest Apology, occasion'd by the late unhappy turn of affairs with relation to Publick Credit. By a Gentleman,’ 8vo, London, 1721. He says that he had made a list of 107 bubbles with a nominal stock of 93,600,000l., involving a loss of 14,040,000l. (pp. 28–9). Hammond prefixed to Walter Moyle's ‘Works’ ‘some account of his life and writings’ (signed ‘A. H.’). They had been intimate friends from 1690. Hammond contributed a ‘character’ of Edward Russell, earl of Orford, to ‘The Present State of the Republick of Letters’ for October 1730 (vol. vi. art. 26, p. 255), from which Robert Samber drew his information for an absurd verse eulogy on Orford in 1731, and wrote also another able financial pamphlet entitled ‘The National Debt as it stood at Michaelmas 1730, stated and explained’ (anon.), 8vo, London, 1731.

Hammond died in the Fleet in 1738, but his estate was not administered until 8 April 1749, when he was described as ‘late of the parish of St. James's, Westminster’ (Administration Act Book, P. C. C., 1749). He married, 14 Aug. 1694, at Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Jane, daughter of Sir Walter Clarges, bart., and by this lady, who died in 1749, he had two sons: Thomas,who died childless about 1758; James (1710–1742) [q. v.], and a daughter, Amy, who married first, in 1719, William Dowdeswell of Pull Court, Worcestershire; and secondly, on 7 May 1730, Noel Broxholme, M.D. [q. v.] Thomas Hammond sold Somersham Place to the Duke of Manchester (Camden, Britannia, ed. Gough, ii. 159). Thomas Cooke, the translator of ‘Hesiod,’ who formed Hammond's acquaintanceship in 1722, says ‘he was a well-bred man, had but a small portion of solid understanding, and was a great flatterer. He was a pleasant story-teller, and seldom sad. He courted men of letters and genius, and was fond of being taken notice of by them in their writings. He would ask them to mention him in their works; he asked it of me’ (Gent. Mag. vol. lxi. pt. ii. p. 1090). He was elected F.R.S. 30 Nov. 1698 (Thomson, Hist. of Roy. Soc., Append. iv. xxx), but had withdrawn by 1718. His ‘Collections and Extracts relating to the Affairs of the Nation, with an Autobiographical Diary,’ extending from 1660 to 1730, is preserved in the Bodleian Library, Rawlinson MS. A. 245. According to Hearne (Reliquiæ, 2nd edition, iii. 290), Hammond is said to have attempted the life of the Chevalier ‘on his Scotch embarcation’ (1715).

[Berry's County Genealogies (Kent), pp. 94–5; Chalmers's Biog. Dict. xvii. 110–11; Gent. Mag. 1791 pt. ii. 1090, 1809 pt. ii. 1121; Hammond's Account of Walter Moyle's Life and Writings; Notes and Queries, 2nd ser. xi. 348, 430–1, 493–494, xii. 33–4, 56–7, 3rd ser. v. 330; Beauties of England and Wales, vii. 499*; Cox's Cat. Cod. MSS. Bibl. Bodl. pars v. fasc. i. pp. 275–9; Chester's London Marriage Licenses (Foster), col. 614.]

G. G.

HAMMOND, ANTHONY (1758–1838), legal writer, practised below the bar as a special pleader at the Inner Temple and on the western circuit. In 1824 he was examined by a select parliamentary committee appointed to consider the expediency of consolidating and amending the criminal law of England, and submitted a draft measure for that purpose, which was printed by order of the House of Commons, was afterwards developed into a regular code, and formed the basis of the Larceny Laws Repeal and Consolidation, Criminal Procedure and Malicious Injuries to Property, and Remedies against the Hundred Consolidation Acts of 1827 (7 & 8 Geo. IV, cc. 27–31). The code itself, with ‘A Treatise on the Consolidation of the Criminal Law,’ was printed by order of Mr. (afterwards Sir) Robert Peel, then home secretary, between 1825 and 1829, 8 vols., fol. Hammond was also consulted by the commissioners for the revision of the laws of the State of New York in 1825, to whom he communicated a pamphlet entitled ‘Reflections on Criminal Law.’ In 1828 Hammond was called to the bar. He died on 27 Jan. 1838.

Hammond published the following works: 1. ‘The Law of Nisi Prius,’ 1816, 8vo. 2. ‘Parties to Actions,’ 1817, 1827, 8vo. 3. ‘Principles of Pleading,’ 1819, 8vo. 4. ‘Scheme of a Digest of the Laws of England, with Introductory Essays on the Science of Natural Jurisprudence,’ 1820, 8vo. 5. ‘Reports in Equity,’ 1821, 2 vols. 8vo. 6. ‘Analytical Digest to the Term Reports and others,’ 1824, 2nd edit. 8vo; new edit., 1827. 7. ‘Practice and Proceedings in Parliament,’ &c., 1825, 8vo. 8. ‘On the Reduction to Writing of the Criminal Law of England,’ 1829, 8vo.

[Gent. Mag. 1838, i. 334; Law List, 1829; Parl. Papers, 1824, Reports from Committees, vol. iv.; Brit. Mus. Cat.]

J. M. R.

HAMMOND, EDMUND, Lord Hammond (1802–1890), diplomatist, born in London on 25 June 1802, was third and youngest son of George Hammond [q. v.] He was sent