Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 32.djvu/26

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Lamberton
Lamberton
20

mission, and that he concurred in encouraging Wallace to offer a determined resistance to Edward I. On 17 Feb. 1303-4 he obtained a safe-conduct to return peaceable through England, and while on this journey he presented a splendid palfey to King Edward — repeatedly alluded to in documents of the time — as a peace-offering. On 4 May l304 he again swore fealty to Edward, and obtained restitution of the temporalities belonging to the see of St. Andrews, including lands in twelve counties, and the castle of St. Andrews, which were all to be held from the king of England. As one of the Scottish commissioners sent to the parliament of Westminster in 1305, he assented to the ordinance for the settlement of Scotland propounded by King Edward, and shortly afterwards was appointed one of the custodians of Scotland to maintain order till John de Bretagne, the king's nephew, should arrive there as governor. Yet, on 27 March 1306, he assisted at the coronation of Robert the Bruce at Scone.

So greatly did his treachery enrage Edward, that on 26 May of that year he issued strict orders to Aymer de Valence to take the utmost pains to secure the person of the bishop, and to send him under strict guard to Westminster. During the succeeding month, these orders were repeated, and De Valence was instructed to seize upon the temporalities of the bisshopric, and confer them upon Henry de Beaumont, husband of Alice Comyn, Buchan's niece. Meanwhile the bishop addressed a letter from Scotland Well, Kinrossshire, on 9 June, to Valence, protesting that he was innocent of an Complicity in the death of John Comyn 'the Red' [q.v.] or Sir Robert Comyn, his uncle. On 23 June three of the Scottish magnates, Henry de Sinclair, Robert de Keith, and Adam de Gordon, became surety for him that be would render himself prisoner; and though the pope, Clement V, interceded for him, Lambertton was captured in the month of July, and conveyed to Newcastle, in company with the Bishop of Glasgow (Wishart) and the Abbot of Scone. On 7 Aug. 1306 orders were given that theue three prisoners should he conveyed to Nottingham, and on the same day the king gave personal instructions that the two bishops should be put in irons, Lamberton being sent to Winchester Castle, and Wishart to Porchester, the daily allowances for their sustenance being carefully detailed. The documents by which Lamberton's treason was made evident are still preserved among the Chapter-house papers in the exchequer office, and consist of his oath of fealty to Edward, his secret compact with Bruce at Cambuskenneth on 11 June 1304, and the answers which he gave when under examine at Newcastle. He admitted that he communicated the mass to Bruce after the murder of Comyn ; that he had done homage to and sworn fealty to him, though Bruce was then a rebel ; and that he had withheld the fruits of the provostry of St. Andrews till the provost would ackowledge Bruce as king. After his arrival at Winchester on 24 Aug. 1306, he was placed in close confinement, charged with perjury, irregularily, and rebellion. The death of Edward I did release him from prison, and it was on 23 May 1308 that Edward II consented to liberate him from Winchester Castle, accepting security that he would remain in the bounds of the county of Northampton. He was set free on 1 June, and on 11 Aug. he swore fealty to Edward II 'on the sacraments and the cross "Guayth,"' undertaking to remain in the bishopric of Durham and giving a bond for six thouaand marks sterling to be paid within three years. The pope had again interceded for Lamberton, but the king replied that on no account would he permit him to enter Scotland. It was not until the following year (1309) that the bishop was allowed to return, and then only after he had undertaken to pronounce sentence of excommunication against Bruce and his adherents. Almost his first action was to take part in a meeting of the clergy at Dundee, in February 1309, at which the claims of Bruce to the Scottish throne were asserted. He played a double part so well that he retained the confidence of Edward II, who wrote to the pope, in July 1311, desiring that the bishop might be excused from attending general council, as his presence was necessary 'to avoid the danger of souls that might chance through his absence.' The esteem in which the English king held him was shown by his sending Lamberton as an envoy to Philip, king of France, on 30 Nov. 1313; and by his granting him a safe-conduct for one year, from 25 Sept. 1314. The bishop officiated at the consecration of the cathedral of St. Andrews on 5 July 1318, in the presence of Robert I and the principal ecclesiastics and nobles of the realm. In 1323 he was one of the ambassadors sent from Scotland to treat with Edward II for peace and on 15 July 1324 he was again in England on the same errand, his retinue consisting of fifty horsemen. According to Wyntoun, he died in St. Andrews, 'in the prior's chamber of the abbey, in June 1328, and was buried on the north half of the high kirk,' and this statement has been accepted without question by the historians who have dealt with the subject. It is cer-