Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 35.djvu/391

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Maittaire
Majendie
385

respectively, of the Duke of Rutland and Sir Richard Ellis. Some extracts from Maittaire's letters to the Earl of Oxford are printed in Nichols's 'Literary Anecdotes,' i. 200 ff., and other letters by him are in Ballard's collection in the Bodleian Library (ib. iv. 566). In his earliest letters he signs his name 'Michell Mattaire' (ib. i. 201).

Maittaire's principal publications are as follows: 1. 'Græcæ Linguæ Dialecti,' London, 1706, 8vo; also an edition by Reitz, Hague, 1738, 8vo, and an improved edition by Sturz, Leipzig, 1807, 8vo. 2. 'Stephanorum Historia, vitas ipsorum ac libros complectens,' with appendix, London, 1709, 8vo. 3. 'An Essay against Arianism and some other Heresies' (against Whiston), London, 1711, 8vo; also three other similar pamphlets, London, 1711. 4. 'The English Grammar,' London, 1712, 8vo. 5. 'Opera et Fragmenta Veterum Poetarum Latinorum Profanorum et Ecclesiasticorum,' 2 vols. London, 1713, fol., published by subscription and dedicated to Prince Eugene; some copies have the title-page dated 1723. 6. Latin Classics, 12mo, 1713-19, edited by M. M.: in 1713, Paterculus, Justin, Lucretius, Phædrus, Sallust, Terence; in 1715, Catullus, Tibullus and Propertius, C. Nepos, Florus, Horace, Ovid, Virgil; in 1716, Cæsar, Martial, Juvenal and Persius, Q. Curtius; in 1719, Lucan. Editions of Sophocles, Homer, Livy, Pliny, and the 'Musarum Anglicanarum Analecta,' were attributed to Maittaire, but were formally disclaimed by him. 7. The New Testament (Greek), ed. by M. M., 1714, 8vo, 1756, 8vo. 8. 'Historia Typographorum aliquot Parisiensium, vitas et libros complectens,' 2 vols. London, 1717, 8vo. 9. 'Annales Typographici ab Artis inventæ origine ad annum MD' (and continued thence to 1664), 5 vols. 1719-41, 8vo (vols. i-iii. Hague, vol. iv. Amsterdam, vol. v. London). 10. 'Batrachomyomachia,' ed. by M. M., 1721, 8vo (only 204 copies printed, Nichols, Lit. Anecd. i. 199). 11. 'Miscellanea Græcorum aliquot Scriptorum Carmina cum Versione Latina et Notis,' London, 1722, 4to. 12. 'Anacreontis Opera,' ed. by M. M., 1725, 4to; 1740, 4to (only a hundred copies printed of each edition). 13. 'P. Petiti ... in tres priores Aretæi Cappadocis libros Commentarii,' ed. by M. M., 1726, 4to. 14. ' Marmorum Arundellianorum, Seldenianorum, aliorumque Academiæ Oxoniensi donatorum, cum variis Commentariis et indice, secunda editio,' with appendix, London, 1732, 1733, fol. (see on this publication, ib. ii. 1-8, 27). 15. 'Aretæi de causis .. . morborum . . . cum Maittairii opusculis in eun- i dem,' 1735, fol. 16. 'Antiquæ Inscriptiones duæ' (on inscriptions found at Heraclea in Lucania), London, 1736, fol. 17. 'Carmen Epinicium' (on Catharine I of Russia), [1737], 4to. 18. ' Plutarch's Αποφθἰγματα, ed. by M. M., 1740, 4to. 19. 'Senilia, sive Poetica aliquot... tentamina,' London, 1742, 4to.

[Nichols's Lit. Anecd. and Lit. Illustr. various references, especially Lit. Anecd. iv. 556-66; Chalmers's Biog. Dict.; Welch's Alumni Westmonasterienses. p. 198; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Notes and Queries, 3rd ser. i. 42, iii. 346, 409, 7th ser. ii. 98; authorities cited.]

W. W.

MAJENDIE, HENRY WILLIAM (1754–1830), bishop of Chester and Bangor, was of Huguenot extraction. His grandfather, André de Majendie, a member of an ancient family of Béarn, was compelled to leave France by the revocation of the edict of Nantes, and, after a few years' residence in Holland, was naturalised as a British subject in 1700. He settled at Exeter, where for many years he ministered to the French congregation. His elder son, John James (1709-1783), the bishop's father, took orders in the church of England, received the degree of D.D. from Archbishop Cornwallis at Lambeth, 6 Sept. 1769 (Gent. Mag. 1864, pt. i. p. 638), and obtained much valuable preferment, eventually attaining to a canonry at Windsor in 1774. He was the author of several religious works both in French and English, and was Queen Charlotte's instructor in the English language, and tutor to her sons, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York (cf. ib. 1783, pt. ii. p. 716). By his wife, Elizabeth Prevost, he left two sons, Henry William and Lewis (afterwards of Hedingham Castle).

Henry William, born in London 7 Oct. 1754, was educated at Charterhouse under Dr. Samuel Berdmore [q. v.] In 1771 he entered at Christ's College, Cambridge, where in the following year he secured a scholarship. He graduated B.A. in 1776 without honours, but in the same year procured election to the fellowship just vacated by William Paley. In 1781 he was appointed preceptor to Prince William, afterwards William IV. This appointment proved the stepping-stone to future advancement. In 1785 he was made a canon of Windsor, and in 1790 vicar of Nether Stowey, where he gained the friendship and earned the lifelong respect of Thomas Poole, the well known correspondent of Coleridge (see Thomas Poole and his Friends, i. 27, 28, 59, 60, 61, 81). Majendie was a man of somewhat enlightened views, for he established a Sunday-school at Nether Stowey at a time when such an institution was regarded by most of