Page:Dictionary of National Biography volume 37.djvu/183
1690), and lastly in Gray's Inn Lane by King's Gate (1693). His contemporaries regarded him as an empiric, and one of the last acts of his life was to circulate copies of his diplomas at the end of his ‘Ignota Febris’ (1698). Latterly he fell into poverty, the public having lost faith in the efficacy of his ‘catholick medicine.’
Maynwaring wrote: 1. ‘Tutela Sanitatis, sive Vita protracta: the Protection of Long Life. … With a Treatise of issues. Whereunto is annexed, Bellum necessarium, sive Medicus belligerans: the … Physitian reviewing his Armory,’ 8vo, London, 1664. 2. ‘Morbus Polyrhizos et Polymorphæus: a Treatise of the Scurvy (Antiscorbutick Medecines, etc.),’ 2 pts. 8vo, London, 1664–1665; 2nd edit. 1666, 3rd edit. 1669, 4th edit. 1672. 3. ‘Solamen Ægrorum, sive Ternarius Medicamentorum chymicorum. Ad omnes fere morbos curandum … remedia,’ &c., 8vo, London, 1665. 4. ‘Nova medendi Ratio: a short … Method of Curing. Exemplified by a ternary of Radical Medicines universal in their respective classes,’ 4to, London, 1666. 5. ‘Tabidorum Narratio: a Treatise of Consumptions,’ 8vo, London, 1667; 2nd edit. 1668. 6. ‘Useful Discoveries and Practical Observations in some late remarkable Cures of the Scurvy,’ 8vo, London, 1668. 7. ‘Medicus Absolutus … The Compleat Physitian, qualified and dignified. The Rise and Progress of Physick … illustrated,’ 8vo, London, 1668. 8. ‘Vita sana & longa. The Preservation of Health and Prolongation of Life proposed and proved, &c. (The Pharmacopœian Physician's Repository, &c.),’ 2 pts. 8vo, London, 1669. 9. ‘Praxis Medicorum Antiqua & Nova: the Ancient and Modern Practice of Physick examined,’ &c., 4to, London, 1671, in which he attacks many of the fellows of the College of Physicians. 10. ‘Historia et Mysterium Luis Venereæ,’ 8vo, Frankfort and Hamburg, 1675, also in English as ‘The Mystery of the Venereal Lues.’ 11. ‘Pains afflicting Humane Bodies, their … causes. … With a Tract of issues and setons,’ 8vo, London, 1682. 12. ‘The Method and Means of Enjoying Health, Vigour, and Long Life,’ 8vo, London, 1683. 13. ‘The Test and Tryal of Medicines, and the different Modes of Medical Practice,’ 4to, London, 1690. 14. ‘Monarchia Microcosmi: the origin, vicissitudes, and period of vital government in man, for a farther discovery of diseases incident to Human Nature (Inquiries into the General Catalogue of Diseases. The Practice of Physick reformed. A brief Account of the Catholick Medicine),’ 4 pts. 8vo, London, 1692. 15. ‘The Mystery of Curing comprehensively: explained and confirmed by exemplar of the Catholic Medicine,’ 4to, London, 1693; 2nd edit. 1694. 16. ‘Ignota Febris. Fevers mistaken in notion & practice,’ 8vo, London, 1698.
Maynwaring's portrait by R. White, dated 1668, is prefixed to his ‘Medicus Absolutus,’ ‘Vita Sana,’ ‘Pains,’ and the fourth impression of ‘Morbus Polyrhizos.’
[Maynwaring's Works; Granger's Biog. Hist. of Engl. 2nd edit. iv. 19–20; Notes and Queries, 3rd ser. ii. 506, iii. 198; Pinks's Clerkenwell (Wood).]
MAYO, sixth Earl of (1822–1872). [See Bourke, Richard Southwell.]
MAYO, CHARLES (1750–1829), historian, born 7 Dec. 1750 at Beechingstoke, Wiltshire, was son of the Rev. John Mayo, rector of Beechingstoke and vicar of Wilcot, and grandson of the Rev. John Mayo, vicar of Avebury, the brother of Charles Mayo of Hereford. He entered at Queen's College, Oxford, 1767, and graduated M.A. 1774, and B.C.L. 1779. He held the livings of Huish (1775) and Beechingstoke (1779), and was chaplain to the Somerset Hospital, Froxfield, Wiltshire.
He wrote ‘A Chronological History of European States (1678–1792),’ 1793, a ‘Compendious View of Universal History (1753–1802),’ 1804, and two volumes of sermons. He founded two scholarships for sons of Wiltshire clergy, to be held at any college at Oxford, and vested the patronage in the trustees of Froxfield Hospital. He died at Beechingstoke 27 Nov. 1829. He was unmarried.
[Hist. of Mayo Family, 1882.]
MAYO, CHARLES (1792–1846), educational reformer, born in London 9 June 1792, was son of Charles Mayo, a solicitor in London, grandson of the Rev. Charles Mayo, M.A., rector of Corringham, Essex, and Castle Frome, Herefordshire, and great-grandson of Charles Mayo of Hereford. Elizabeth Mayo [q. v.] was his sister. He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School and matriculated 25 June 1810, from St. John's College, Oxford. He was elected scholar of St. John's in the same year, and Laudian fellow 26 April 1813, and he graduated B.A. 1814, B.C.L. 1817 and D.C.L. 1822. He was ordained in December 1817, having in the previous August gone to Bridgnorth, Shropshire, as head-master of the grammar school, where he remained two years. Hearing through Mr. Synge of Glanmore Castle, Wicklow, of Pestalozzi's principles of education, he in 1819 joined the latter's establishment at