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adhered to the party of the queen, but in May 1571 gave sureties to the regent (ib. 1569-71, entry 1620; Calderwood, iii. 33). He was, notwithstanding, sent to ward to the castle of Doune, Perthshire, but obtained his release in July, and on 12 Aug. subscribed at Stirling his obedience to the regent (ib. p. 135). He was present with the nobles of the regent's party at Stirling on 3 Sept., when the town was entered by the Hamiltons and others, and the regent Lennox slain. During the raid he was shut up by them as a prisoner in his lodgings under a guard. On the accession of Mar to the regency an order was granted on 7 Sept. discharging Eglinton and his sureties from all pains and penalties (Reg. P. C. Scotl. ii. 79). After the election of Morton to the regency, Eglinton at the parliament held in February 1573 endeavoured with Lord Lindsay to secure toleration for the catholics (Cal State Papers, Scott. Ser. i. 368), but he also supported the league with England, and took care to express special detestation of the St. Bartholomew massacres.
After the fall of Morton in 1578 Eglinton ; attended the meeting of the lords in the Tolbooth on 9 April, when measures were taken for the safety of the king's person and the peace of the country (Moysie, Memoirs, p. 6). On the reconciliation with Morton he was chosen a lord of the articles and a member of the new privy council. On 17 June a complaint was made against him by Alexander Cunningham; commendator of Kilwinning, for occupying the steeple of Kilwinning, when both parties were commanded to cease from using the steeple as 'ane house of war' in time coming (Reg. P. C. Scotl. iii. 2), but the arrangement by no means ended the dispute (ib. passim).
Eglinton subscribed the order of 30 April 1579 for the prosecution of the Hamiltons for the murder of the regents Moray and Lennox (ib. p. 147), and having been appointed one of the commission of lieutenancy to carry the order into effect, received on 22 May the thanks and exoneration of the council for the discharge of his duties (ib. p. 165). He was one of the assize for the trial of Morton in 1581 ; but though not directly connected with the raid of Ruthven, was present at the convention, 18 Oct. 1582, in Holyrood, which formally approved of the raid (Moysie, p. 40). He was also one of the privy council which on 4 Feb. 1582-1583 offered a reward of 5001. for the name of the author of the pasquil against the raid (Reg. P. C. Scotl. iii. 549). He died 3 June 1585.
In April 1562 Eglinton raised a process of divorce against his first wife, Janet Hamilton, on the ground of consanguinity (Fraser, Earls of Eglinton, ii. 163-81). The marriage on this ground was dissolved by the pope, but at the instance of the countess Eglinton was divorced from her by the kirk on the ground of adultery (ib. ii. 183-5). By this marriage he had no issue. The first countess died in December 1596, and was buried in Holyrood Abbey. Shortly after the divorce Eglinton married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Innerpeffrey, and widow of Sir Hugh Campbell of Loudoun, by whom he had two sons and two daughters : Hugh, fourth earl, slain by the Cunninghams on 18 April 1586 ; Robert of Giff'en ; Margaret, celebrated by the poet Alexander Montgomerie [q.v.], married to Robert Seton, first earl of Wintoun, by whom she had, among other issue, Alexander, sixth earl of Eglinton [q. v.] ; and Agnes, married to Robert, first lord Semple. The second countess remarried in 1588 Patrick, third lord Drummond.
[Histories of Knox, Calderwood, and Keith ; Moysie's Memoirs (Bannatyne Club) ; Cal. State Papers, For. Ser. and Scott. Ser. ; Reg. P. C. Scotl. vols.i-iii.; Paterson's Hist, of Ayr ; Sir William Fraser's Earl of Eglinton; Douglas's Scottish Peerage (Wood), i. 499-500.]
MONTGOMERIE, HUGH, seventh Earl of Eglinton (1613-1669), eldest son of Alexander, sixth earl [q. v.], by his first wife, Lady Anna Livingstone, daughter of Alexander, first earl of Linlithgow [q. v.], was born 30 May 1613. Robert Baillie (1599-1662) [q. v.], whom he afterwards got appointed to the church of Kilwinning, had for some years the superintendence of his education (Robert Baillie, Letters and Journals, iii. 446). Until he succeeded to the earldom he was known as Lord Montgomerie. On 29 Feb. 1628 he was enrolled a student of Glasgow University. In 1633 he went to Paris, where he spent over a year in the prosecution of his studies, especially in the art of fortification.
Like his father, Montgomerie took a prominent part in opposing the ecclesiastical policy of Charles I in the assembly of 1638, strongly supporting the proposals against the bishops (ib. i. 125, 137, 147). When the covenanters in 1639 determined to resist the march of Charles northwards, he was chosen colonel of the men of Renfrewshire (ib. p. 201). He also joined the army which under Leslie marched into England in April 1640, and commanded a brigade of eighteen hundred men at the battle of Newburn. When the Scots came before Newcastle, he made an attempt to seize Gateshead, but was unsuccessful (Thurloe State Papers, i. 41). On 15 Sept. 1640 he was