# Page:Elementary Chinese - San Tzu Ching (1900).djvu/31

13

The San Tzŭ Ching

 21. 子 不 學 $\scriptstyle{ \left. \begin{matrix} \ \\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix} \right\}\, }$ If the child does not learn, Tzŭ3 pu1 hsüeh2 Child not learn

Tzŭ see line 11.

Pu see line 5.

Hsüeh see line 11.

 22. 非 所 宜 $\scriptstyle{ \left. \begin{matrix} \ \\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix} \right\}\, }$ this is not as it should be. Fei1 so3 i2 Not what ought

Fei is supposed to resemble a pair of wings placed back to back; hence, to turn the back on, to negative.

So is composed of 戶 hu a leaf of 門 mên a door, and 斤 chin (line 3). Its original meaning was the sound of chopping. It then came to mean a place, i.e. was probably adopted to express an idea the sound for which already existed. The next stage was to apply this word in the sense of a relative pronoun. It will be found under radical hu in K'ang Hsi's dictionary, under chin in the 說文 Shuo Wên dictionary of the 1st cent. A.D.

I is composed, under its old form, of 多 to many (line 302) contracted, below a roof and above a line = the ground. It originally meant in repose, sheltered, and now means to be right, fitting, proper.

 23. 幼 不 學 $\scriptstyle{ \left. \begin{matrix} \ \\ \\\ \\\ \ \end{matrix} \right\}\, }$ If he does not learn while young, Yu4 pu1 hsüeh2 Young not learn

Yu is an ideogram composed of 幺 yao small, said to be the picture of a new-born child, now the ace at dice, as radical, and 力 li strength; sc. youth.

Pu see line 5.

Hsüeh see line 11.