Page:Federalist, Dawson edition, 1863.djvu/391

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247
The Fœderalist.

ceptions result, and applying them to the particular instance before us, we are necessarily led to two important conclusions. The first is, that the Convention must have enjoyed, in a very singular degree, an exemption from the pestilential influence of party animosities — the diseases most incident to deliberative bodies, and most apt to contaminate their proceedings. The second conclusion is, that all the deputations composing the Convention were either satisfactorily accommodated by the final act, or were induced to accede to it by a deep conviction of the necessity of sacrificing private opinions and partial interests to the public good, and by a despair of seeing this necessity diminished by delays, or by new experiments.

PUBLIUS.




[From the New York Packet, Tuesday, January 15, 1788.]

THE FŒDERALIST. No. XXXVII.



To the People of the State of New York:

IT is not a little remarkable, that in every case reported by ancient history, in which Government has been established with deliberation and consent, the task of framing it has not been committed to an assembly of men, but has been performed by some individual citizen, of preëminent wisdom and approved integrity.

Minos, we learn, was the primitive founder of the Government of Crete; as Zaleucus was of that of the Locrians. Theseus first, and after him Draco and Solon, instituted the Government of Athens. Lycurgus was the lawgiver of Sparta. The foundation of the original Government of Rome was laid by Romulus;