Page:Federalist, Dawson edition, 1863.djvu/554

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410
The Fœderalist.

indulgences. Lastly, it would facilitate and foster the baneful practice of secessions; a practice which has shown itself even in States where a majority only is required; a practice subversive of all the principles of order and regular Government; a practice which leads more directly to public convulsions, and the ruin of popular Governments, than any other which has yet been displayed among us.

PUBLIUS.




[From the New York Packet, Friday, February 22, 1788.]

THE FŒDERALIST. No. LVIII.



To the People of the State of New York:

THE natural order of the subject leads us to consider, in this place, that provision of the Constitution which authorizes the National Legislature to regulate, in the last resort, the election of its own members.

It is in these words: "The times, places, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may, at any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing Senators."[1] This provision has not only been declaimed against by those who condemn the Constitution in the gross; but it has been censured by those who have objected with less latitude, and greater moderation; and, in one instance, it has been thought exceptionable by a gentleman who has declared himself the advocate of every other part of the system.

I am greatly mistaken, notwithstanding, if there be

  1. 1st Clause, 4th Section, of the 1st Article. — Publius.