Page:Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar (1910 Kautzsch-Cowley edition).djvu/459
[134m] Such cases as שִׁבְעַת הַיָּמִים Ju 1417 (which is determined by a following determinate genitive) are explained from §127b; 1 Ch 925 perhaps from §126q; in Is 3026 probably the light of all the seven days of the week is meant; on the other hand, in 1 S 920 and 25:38 the article is, with Wellhausen, to be omitted.
[134n] 3. Certain specifications of measure, weight, or time, are commonly omitted after numerals, e.g. Gn 2016 אֶ֫לֶף כֶּ֫סֶף a thousand (shekels) of silver; so also before זָהָב Gn 2422, 1 K 1016, Is 723, cf. ψ 11972. Moreover, Ru 315 שֵׁשׁ שְׂעֹרִים six (ephahs) of barley; 1 S 104 שְׁתֵּי־לֶ֫חֶם two (sc. loaves, see verse 3) of bread, cf. 17:17 עֲשָׂרָה לֶ֫חֶם; 2 S 161, where before קַ֫יִץ a measure, or perhaps some term like cakes, is to be supplied.—The number of cubits is stated in the Priestly Code (Ex 262, &c.) and in 1 K 6 and 7 (otherwise only in Ez 405, 21, 47:3. Zc 52, 1 Ch 1123, 2 Ch 42 f.) by the addition of בָּֽאַמָּה prop. by the cubit. Also in Ex 2711 the Samaritan and LXX read בָּֽאַמָּה after אֹרֶךְ, and in 27:15 אַמָּה after עֶשְׂרֵה.
[134o] 4. The ordinals above 10 have no special forms, but are expressed by the corresponding cardinals, which may then stand either before or after the object numbered, e.g. Gn 711 בְּשִׁבעָה עָשָׂר יוֹם on the seventeenth day; Dt 13 בְּאַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה in the fortieth year; cf. Gn 145, 2 K 2527, and, with repetition of שָׁנָה in a compound number, 1 K 61; such a cardinal occurs without בְּ (and therefore in the accus. temporis, according to §118k) in Gn 144 (the Samaritan, however, has ובשלש); with the article (but without a numbered object, see under k), 1 K 1919.—On the position of the numeral as a genitive following its noun, cf. e.g. 1 K 1610 בִּשְׁנַת עֶשְׂרִים וָשֶׁבַע in the twenty and seventh year, and with a determinate numeral, Ex 1218, Nu 3338, Dt 159. In this case, however, שָׁנָה is very frequently repeated, e.g. Gn 711, 2 K 1310; after a determinate numeral, Lv 2510.
[134p] Rem. In numbering days of the month and years, the cardinals are very frequently used instead of the ordinals even for the numbers from 1 to 10, e.g. בִּשְׁנַת שְׁתַּיִם 1 K 1525; בִּשְׁנַת שָׁלשׁ 2 K 181, &c., cf. Dt 159. The months themselves are always numbered by the ordinals (בָּרִאשׁוֹן, בַּשֵּׁנִי, &c., up to בָּֽעֲשִׂירִי), but not the days of the month, e.g. בְּאֶחָד לַחֹ֫דֶשׁ Gn 85, &c., בְּאַרְבָּעָה לַחֹ֫דֶשׁ Zc 71; בַּֽחֲמִשָּׁה לַחֹ֫דֶשׁ Ez 11, &c., בְּשִׁבְעָה לַחֹ֫דֶשׁ 2 K 258, בְּתִשְׁעָה לַחֹ֫דֶשׁ Lv 2332 (always, however, בֶּֽעָשׂר לַחֹ֫דֶשׁ on the tenth day of the month). On the
- Somewhat different from this is Ex 1915 be ready לִשְׁל֫שֶׁת יָמִים prop. after three days, i.e. on the third day (in verses 11 and 16 and in Ezr 108 the ordinal is used), also 1 S 3013 כִּי חָלִיתִי הַיּוֹם שְׁלשָׁה because three days agone I fell sick, prop. to-day three (days).
- All these expressions may indeed be explained by supposing that, e.g. in Lv 2510, the proper meaning is the year of the fifty years which it completed, i.e. the fiftieth year; but it is more correct to regard שְׁנַת or בִּשְׁנַת in such cases not as a real nomen regens, but simply as a connective form to be explained on the analogy of the cases mentioned in §128k.