Page:Henry Adams' History of the United States Vol. 2.djvu/21

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4
Ch. 1.
HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES.

till another agreement or equivalent place could be fixed upon.[1] Yrujo was instructed to thank the President for his friendly, prudent, and moderate conduct during the excitement. He sent to New Orleans the positive order of King Charles IV. To the Intendant Morales, that the right of deposit should be immediately restored; the western people were told that their produce might go down the river as before, and thus the last vestige of anxiety was removed. In face of this action by Godoy, and of the war evidently at hand between France and England, the success of the peace policy was assured. These events in some degree explained the extraordinary nature of the new instructions of April, 1803.

Monroe was then already at Paris. In order to make clear the situation in which he found himself, the sequence of events in Europe needs to be understood.

Bonaparte's expedition to Louisiana was to have sailed at the end of September, 1802.[2] A general of division, three generals of brigade, five battalions of infantry, two companies of artillery, sixteen pieces of cannon, and three thousand muskets were to be collected at Dunkirk for shipment; but as fast as regiments could be named they were consumed by the fiery furnace of St. Domingo. Nevertheless, all

  1. Yrujo to Madison, Notes of April 19 and 20, 1803; MSS. State Department Archives.
  2. Bonaparte to Decrès, 6 Fructidor, An. x. (Aug. 24, 1802); Correspondance, viii. 4.