'48. The heels of this shoe should not reach the seat of corn, between the bars and crust.
'49. That in warm climates, and in this country in summer, the wear of the horn exposed to the ground will not be greater than the growth from the coronet.
'50. Where the heels are more than two inches high, and the ground wet, it is better to lower the heels by the butteris than to wear them down by friction with the ground.
'51. It is not safe to employ the short shoe on wet ground, except in blood horses with very thick crusts, and then only with great attention to the consumption of horn.
'52. The long thin-heeled shoe should rest on the solid junction of the bars with the crust.
'53. The nails should be carried all round the toe of the crust.
'54. They should be kept as far as possible from the heels, and particularly in the inside quarter.
'55. Where the crust is thin, the nail-holes of the new shoe should not be made opposite, but between the old nail-holes of the crust.
'56. The nail-hole should be made with a punch of a wedge-like form, so as to admit the whole head of the nail into the shoe.
'57. The head of the nail should be conical, to correspond with the nail-hole.
'58. The shoe and nails of a common-sized coach-horse may weigh about eighteen ounces.
'59. The shoe and nails of a saddle-horse may weigh twelve ounces.