and became Premier in June 1871, holding office until June 1872. In 1878 lie was kndghted for bis public services, and on a visit to Ireland was invited to re-enter the House of Commons, but declined. From Hay 1877 to February 1880, he was Speaker of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, and In 1880 returned to Europe, and resided at Nice. In 1877 he was created K.C.M.O. Author of My Life in Two Hemisphere* (1898), and other -works including The Ballad Poetry of Ireland (1846, 50 editions), Young Ireland- A Fragment of Irish History, 1840-50 (1880), Four Years of Irish History, 1845-49, (1888), Conversations with CarlyUt The League of North and 8outh (1886), and Life of Thomas Davis. He did much to encourage art and literature In Vic- toria. Three of his sons have risen to distinction in the colony. The elder, John Gavan Duffy (q.v.), for many yean sat in Parliament for Dal- housle, succeeding his father in the representation of that constituency.
BTXB, Bdward John (1815-1901), explorer and administrator, was born in England, 15th August 1816, son of a Vicar of Yorkshire, and came to Australia in 1833. He entered upon pastoral pursuits on the Lower Murray in New South Wales, where he subsequently discharged the duties of Resident Magistrate and Protector of Aborigines. His distin- guished exploration work gives him a permanent place in Australian history. In 1836 he conducted an expedition across the Continent from Sydney to the Swan. In 1840 he started on his memorable Journey for the South Australian Government into the Interior and succeeded in the following year after great privations in reaching King George's Sound by way of the Great Bight. Eyre's journey from South to West Australia a* as of considerable geographical Importance and ranks among the great- est feats of human endurance. This with other intrepid exploration achievement is described in his Discoveries in Central Australia published in 1M6, and he received the Gold Medal of the Royal Geographical Society. From 1846 to 1852 he was Lieutenant-Governor of the South Island of New Zealand, while Sir George Grey was Governor-in-Chief, in 1864 he was promoted to the West Indies, in the year 1862 was chosen to administer the Government of Jamaica, and in 1864 received the appointment of Governor-in-Chief of that Island. In consequence, however, of the stern measures which he took to suppress a rebellion which arose In October 1865, he was superceded and prosecuted, and after proceedings extending over some years was exonerated. The cost of his defence (nearly £10,000), was refunded by the government. A committee raised to provide funds for his defence Included Carlyle and Kingsley. (See early editions of Men of the Time, Blair's Cyclopaedia of Australasia (1881), and MenneJl's Dictionary of Australasian Biography (1897).
TAMKBUm, John (1861-1904), poet and journalist, was born at Buenos Ayres, South America, 18th December 1851, of Irish parents, and came to Australia in 1852. His youth was spent in the Victorian bush. He was engaged in farming for sometime, and took to journalism in 1887. His journalistic work was principally on the staff of The Daily Telegraph, Sydney, until his death in Sydney on 9th January 1904. His verse included Ephemera* An Iliad of Albury (1878), How Be Died, and Other Poems (Sydney, 1887 and 1905), Australia to England, Sydney (1897), and My Bundowner and Other Poems (Sydney, 1904).
BI.TOV, Alfred, philanthropist, of the firm of Felton, Grlmwade & Co.. Melbourne, wholesale druggists and manufacturers. He was partner of Frederick Sheppard Grim wade (q.v.), for neorly forty years and died