Page:Journal of a Voyage to Greenland, in the Year 1821.djvu/199

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voY 7o omzsm,m. their colonization did not extend to t/ao southern limits of the arctic circle; they soon became thriving c4ony, and bestowed on their new habita. tion the name of Groenland, or Greenland. This colony was converted to Christianity by a missionary from Norway, sent thither by the celebrated Olaf, the first Norwegian monarch who embraced the Christian religion. The Greenland settlement con- tinued to increase and thrive under his protection; and, in a little time, the country was provided with many towns, churahes, convents, bishops, under the jurisdiction of the archbishop of Dron. theira. A considerable cornroe .me was carried on between Greenland and Norway; and a regular intercourse maintained between the two countries till the year '146, when the last bishop was sent over. About this time, by the gradual increase of the arctic ice, the colony appears to have been ptetely imprisoned in the frozen ocean; while on the west a nmge of impassable mountains and plains, covered with perpetual ice and snow, pre- cluded all access. The ancient settlement may be traced in the map of Torfaeus in his Groen/and/ Ant/qua; from which it would seem that the colony extended over about two hundred miles in the south- east extremity Of Greenland. On the west, some ruins ofchttrches have also been diaoovered. About a hundred years after all intercourse between Norway and Ereenland had ceased, -several ships werc sent auceesve]y by the kings of Denmark, in order dior the earntern district, bgt ' all of them Digitized byGO0 - c,.