all philosophy, or study of philosophy, is bound to be "grau" compared with "Lebens Farbe."
First, I may note that Nietzsche gives a distinct place to philosophy. It is not for him merely a vague general term, but has a special meaning. The philosopher is distinct from the scholar or man of science, as well as from the average unthinking run of men; he is also distinct from the reformer. His impulse is that of theoretic curiosity, but the curiosity is not as to anything and everything, a mere blind undiscriminating appetite for knowledge turned loose on the universe; it is curiosity as to things most important, the things worthiest of knowledge. d In other words, in philosophy is already implicit the notion of value, and the philosopher is ipso facto a judge. e He is differentiated from the scholar as well as the ordinary practical man in that he seeks the great knowledge--the knowledge of the essence and core of things, of the total meaning and tune of the world; his effort is to give an echo to this tune and state it in conceptual form. f "Great" here is determined by the situation of man, the general character and circumstances of his life. As to this, Nietzsche felt much as Pascal had. Round about man, the heir of a few hours, there are frightful precipices and every step brings up the questions, Wherefore? Whither?Whence? 2 Philosophy is an answer--an attempt at an answer--to these questions; hence its rank. It is above the special sciences--is indeed their ultimate raison d'être and the judge of their importance. Nietzsche is keenly conscious from the start of the subordinate rank of scientific specialism--as against the tendency to exalt it current in Germany at the time. Nor at first does he seem to doubt that philosophical truth can be got. g At the same time, the philosopher is thinker, judge, legislator, not practical reformer. 3
The general conception of the world which Nietzsche first reached, however, is different from what most of us are accustomed to, and repels rather than attracts. We think--at least most of us try to think--of reason and intelligence as governing