Page:Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey.djvu/440

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368
SUPPLEMENT.

which may imply a sedile, whereof the lower part has been built up. Two Norm, windows claim that date for the walls. Other windows Dec. insertions. There are north and south low side windows, the southern being in two divisions. Font Dec., with quatrefoils in eight sides, on a stem and eight small shafts of Weald marble. The south door and lock are ancient, but mutilated, with much original ironwork. Church sadly dilapidated.

178. St. John's in Thanet, Margate.—The reference to the Monasticon, Addenda, p. 170, is not quite correct. The rectory of Salmyston is not named in the text (1, 149) but will be found in the index to that work. The locality of this spot has been recovered. "Salmeston, now Sampson's, and Sampson's Grange is a place here" (namely, St. John's, Margate), "that (as appears by Thome's Chronicle) did An. 1362 belong to the Abbey of St. Austin in Canterbury, where it remained till the dissolution 'Tis very likely it was a cell or country retirement for some of the monks of St. Austin's in case of sickness." (Harris's Kent). Salmyston or Sampson's Grange is close to the town of Margate, and the farm premises are reported still to comprise some remains of the monastic edifices, particularly of the chapel. This establishment seems to have been always small, yet that it was of importance may be inferred from the fact, that the term "rectory" has been applied to it.

194. Leveland.—This church, originally only a chapel, was, we learn, con- stituted a parish church so early as A.D. 1221, 6 of K. Hen. III. (Chartulary of St. Bertin's.)

195. Leybourne.—Chancel, nave, narrow north aisle, south porch, and an apology for a tower at the west end. The chancel contains a piscina. In the south-west angle is an arch, and another in the south-east angle of nave, both being mere recesses in the wall. In the exterior of the south wall of nave appears the frame of a small Norm, window filled up. There is some E.E. work, some Dec., and some Perp. Of the singular niche in the aisle the purpose has not hitherto been even conjectured. It is now covered with whitewash, and partly concealed by a pew. Both arches are filled about half way up the shaft, the entire masonry appearing of the same date; but possibly, if the stones were cleaned, and the whole face exposed to view, it would be found, that the object may have been a highly ornamented double piscina, replaced in that situation with the basins built up.

202. Longfield.—A very small church of chancel, nave, north aisle, and porch, and wooden west bell-turret. The chancel has a piscina with an ambry adjoining in the eastern side of the angle, and a sedile, unusually high, unless the seat has been raised. Chancel Dec. In west end of aisle is a small Norm, window, which must have been re-inserted there from somewhere else, as the aisle is Perp., to which style belong also some of the windows. A small fragment of coloured glass; also a good, but mutilated screen. Of the court-lodge it was stated, that all the old portions, except one or more stone door-cases, have been concealed by modern alterations.

209. Malling, East.—A large, lofty church. Chancel, nave, north and south aisles not extending nearly to the west end of nave, south porch, and west tower. The clerestory walls of nave, those of aisles, and tower have battlements. Of the tower, which has no stone stairs, the lower portion is E.E., or probably earlier, the upper Perp., giving the whole a resemblance to the Perp. towers of the neighbourhood. There are many remains of coloured glass in the northern windows, particularly in those of the Twysden chapel at east end of north aisle, which chapel is Dec., and has a flat boarded ceiling, with gilded ornaments at the intersection of the compartments. Chancel has flat timber roof. Some E.E. work, some Dec., and some Perp., The label to the brass of Rich. Adams describes