Page:Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey.djvu/66

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36
NOTES TO KENT.

founded in this village, (by Tho. at Hurst; Harris,) 8th of K. Richard II (Hasted). A saltpan and a fishery of ten-pence here are spoken of: "Piscaria de x denariis; salina de xvi denariis." (D. B.)

38. Boughton Malherb.—Hasted considers the Boughton, held in the time of William I by Hugo, grandson[1] of Herbert, to be Boughton Monchensy; and that another manor of the name, held under the archbishop, was Boughton Malherb. This opinion receives some countenance, I admit, from the statement (of Kilburne), that the manor of Boughton Malherb formerly belonged to the archbishop; but among four places in the county bearing the same appellation, it is not very difficult to mistake, and I think the testimony, to be gathered from (D. B.) is against Hasted's notion. Both Boughtons, Malherb and Monchensy, are in the same hundred, Eyhorne, and are so stated in (D. B.), where one is described as held of the archbishop (being part of the lands of his military retainers, "milites) no other property being mentioned in the same paragraph. The other was held of the bishop of Bayeux by Hugh. nephew of Herbert, who has possession likewise of Godeselle (which see below), in Great Chart to the south, Wichling, and East Selve in Lenham, to the north, of Boughton Malherb, then to Boughton Monchensy, which lies at a distance of several miles from either of the places above named. Of the latter benefice the dean and chapter of Rochester are patrons, but "the liberties of St. Austin and of the dean and chapter of Canterbury claim here," (Harris); which circumstance may perhaps serve, in some degree, to connect it with the see of Canterbury. Boughton Malherb, on the contrary, without being in the same jurisdiction, is in private patronage, and notwithstanding Kilburne's assertion, there seems to be evidence of the principal estates being in lay hands in early times (Harris's History); which would be the case if in 1086, the manor was among the private possessions of Bp. Odo. On the other hand, the Boughton held under the archbishop is stated to be included in Hollingbourne manor, which certainly applies best to Boughton Malherb.

There is a cross-legged effigy, in armour, with a female at the side, in Boughton Malherb church. This parish once contained

  1. This is Hasted's translation of "nepos," which is erroneous, because Herbert is in the account of Dover styled the "avunculus" (uncle) of Hugo.