Page:Olmsted report on Portland, Oregon parks, 1903.djvu/54

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it will be necessary to have some plan. There will have to be walks eventually, and some of these must necessarily be arranged as shortcut paths. No doubt it wlll be advisable to open up a separate lawn for llttle children, so that they will not be inconvenienced or endangered by the rougher play that ls to go on in the main ball held. Some form of shelter will doubtless be desirable, lf not necessary eventually, and its location should be considered in planning the grounds. Some central feature. such as a fountain basin, may also be needed to create Interest, considering the tlatness of the ground. This may, it desired. be given a depth and construction suitable for a wadlng pool, a feature which has proved to be exceedingly popular with little chlldren at Buffalo and other citles. Large boxes of sand have also proved a source of happiness to stlll smaller chlldren. In general, the maln idea to be accomplished in the thlnnlng ls to arrange for s continuous border, so that surrounding houses will not be unduly conspicuous, and for the longest practicable views In various directions within the grounds over narrow wlndlng lawns, or low masses of shrubbery. The dr tree is so suggestive ot wlldness that it is lll adapted to remaln permanently in any considerable numbers in such a formal public park or square. To look well it should have lts lower brancnes spreading upon the ground, in which case the turf would be destroyed on too large areas. While young, groups of llttle tlr trees are extremely beautiful and lnterestlng, but due consideration must be given to the future. It ls probable that with the exception of three or four groups ln which the lndlvldual trees should be twenty feet to thlrty feet or more apart, the existing little hr trees should be almost entirely cleared. Occasional tlr trees may also be 'left in the borders, spaced irregularly, from thlrty to forty to one hundred feet apart, but the border plantation should be composed mainly of shrubs and slowgrowlng trees of moderate height, with a few tall-growing deciduous trees in groups, to vary the sky-llne of the plantations. .A suitable fence will always be necessary about such a park, approached as it ls by varlous streets and surrounded as it will be by houses. A reasonable number of entrances should be pnovlded. say slx. or st the most. clght, Wlthout a fence and such llmited number of gates. people would take the shortest possible route from the abuttlng houses and streets to the nearest stopplng places of the electric cars. and vlce versa, so that there would come to be shortcut paths by the score. Without a fence, therefore, the beauty of the lawns would eventually be greatly injured. if not almost destroyed, by these numerous shortcut paths runnlng in all directions. The fence which has just been put up ls ugly and should be covered with vines. Eventually it will be desirable to erect a plaln lron picket fence. which should, of course. be concealed by vlnea and screened by shrubbery.