Page:Pentagon-Papers-Part IV. A. 3.djvu/12

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Declassified per Executive Order 13526, Section 3.3
NND Project Number: NND 63316. By: NWD Date: 2011


TOP SECRET – Sensitive

IV. A. 3.

THE U.S. AND FRANCE'S WITHDRAWAL
FROM VIETNAM, 1954–1956

CHRONOLOGY

DATE EVENT OR DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION
7 Jul 54 Diem appointed Premier of South Vietnam Urged by America and France, Emperor Bao Dai named Ngo Dinh Diem premier of South (Free) Vietnam. Bao Dai remained legal, constitutionally recognized Chief of State.
21 Jul 54 Geneva Accords signed France became guarantor of Vietnamese sovereignty, unity, territorial integrity (Conference Final Declaration, Article 7); with the PAVN, guarantor of armistice agreements (Geneva Agreements, Articles 22, 23), and all-Vietnam elections (Conference Final Declaration, Article 7) France agreed to withdraw the French Expeditionary Corps at the request of local governments (Conference Final Declaration, Article 10, Unilateral Declaration, France)
8, 12 Aug 54; 20 Aug 54 National Security Council meetings; NSC 5429/2 US policies toward post-Geneva Vietnam.

Economic: disassociate France from levers of command, integrate land reform with refugee resettlement, work with the French but "encourage" them to turn over financial, administrative, economic controls to the Vietnamese. Give aid directly to the Vietnamese — not through France.
Military: work with France only insofar as necessary to build up indigenous military forces able to provide internal security.
Political: France must grant total independence (including right to

TOP SECRET – Sensitive
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