Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 26.djvu/102

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92
THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

renewing contains about eighty per cent of water, some of it combined, and some of it uncombined, has a notable bearing on the question. We may yet learn that hydration and dehydration have more to do with the vital functions than has hitherto been supposed.

The following are the ingredients used by Rumford in "Soup No. 1":

Weight,
avoirdupois.
Cost.
lbs. ozs. £ s. d.
4 viertels of pearl-barley, equal to about 201182 gallons. 141 2 0 11 712
4 viertels of peas 131 4 0 7 314
Cuttings of fine wheaten bread, Salt 69 10 0 10 214
24 maass, very weak beer, vinegar, or rather small beer turned sour — about 24 quarts 46 13 0 1 212
Water about 560 quarts 1,077 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1,485 10 1 11 9
Fuel, 88 pounds of dry pine-wood 0 0 214
Wages of three cook-maids, at 20 florins a year each 0 0 323
Daily expense of feeding the three cook-maids, at 10 kreutzers (3 pence 2/3 sterling) each, according to agreement 0 0 11
Daily wages of two men-servants 0 1 714
Repairs of kitchen furniture (90 florins per annum) daily 0 0 512
 Total daily expenses when dinner is provided for 1,200 persons 1 15 223

This amounts to 4221200, or a trifle more than one third, of a penny for each dinner of this No. 1 soup. The cost was still further reduced by the use of the potato, then a novelty, concerning which Rumford makes the following remarks, now very curious: "So strong was the aversion of the public, particularly the poor, against them at the time when we began to make use of them in the public kitchen of the House of Industry in Munich, that we were absolutely obliged, at first, to introduce them by stealth. A private room in a retired corner was fitted up as a kitchen for cooking them; and it was necessary to disguise them, by boiling them down entirely, and destroying their form and texture, to prevent their being detected." The following are the ingredients of "Soup No. 2," with potatoes:


Weight,
avoirdupois.
Cost.
lbs. ozs. £ s. d.
2 viertels of pearl-barley 70 9 0 5 912 32
2 viertels of peas 65 10 0 3 758
8 viertels of potatoes 230 4 0 1 9911
Cuttings of bread 69 10 0 10 2411
Salt 19 13 0 1 212
Vinegar 46 13 0 1 512
Water 982 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel, servants, repairs, etc., as before, . . . . . . . . . . 0 3 5 512
 Total daily cost of 1,200 dinners 1 7 238