Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 27.djvu/32

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been proofread, but needs to be validated.
20
THE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

Table III.Proportion of the Congenitally Deaf who have Deaf-Mute Relatives.

INSTITUTIONS. Number of
congenitally deaf
pupils.
Number
having deaf-mute
relatives.
Percentage
having deaf-mute
relatives.
American Asylum 973 552 5·67
New York Institution 488 287 5·88
Ohio Institution 208 118 5·67
Indiana Institution 149 72 4·83
Illinois Institution 418 194 4·23
Texas Institution 26 11 4·23
 Total 2,262 1,234 54·5

These tables show that, of 2,262 congenital deaf-mutes, more than half are known to have had deaf-mute relatives, and that, even in the case of those pupils who become deaf from apparently accidental causes, more than 13 per cent had other members of their families deaf and dumb.

In answer to the second question, Do deaf-mutes marry? Professor Bell gives a number of tables, one of which shows that, out of 1,259 pupils at the American Asylum and the Illinois Institution who were born before 1840, 571, or nearly half (45·4 per cent), are recorded as married. The records for later years show a much smaller number of marriages in proportion to the total number of pupils; but this would necessarily be the case, because most of them are as yet children.

In order to determine how many of this 45 per cent of deaf persons who marry chose deaf-mutes for their partners, Professor Bell has compiled the following table from the records of five of our largest institutions for the deaf and dumb:

Table IV.Proportion of the Deaf and Dumb who marry Deaf-Mutes.

INSTITUTIONS. Total number of
pupils recorded to
have married.
Total number
recorded to have
married deaf-mutes.
Percentage.
American Asylum 642 502 78·2
New York Institution 191 142 74·3
Ohio Institution 56 39 69·6
Indiana Institution 26 21 80·8
Illinois Institution 174 151 87·3
 Total 1,089 856 78·6

This shows that nearly 80 per cent of the deaf-mutes who marry at all marry deaf persons; but it does not follow that 80 per cent of the marriages were between deaf persons, for it is probable that nearly all of the 856 pupils who married deaf persons married pupils, so that there may possibly have been only 428 weddings; while the 1,089 minus 856, which equals 233 who married hearing persons, may represent only 233 weddings, so that, out of 661 marriages, only 428, or 65