Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 54.djvu/35

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27
FIBER INDUSTRIES OF THE UNITED STATES.

a gullible public. Nevertheless, responsible capitalists are making every legitimate effort to place the manufacturing industry on a solid basis in this country, and to attain to the progress made in other countries where manufacture has already been established, and where the Chinese fiber is employed as the raw material.

Thus far I have only considered spinning fibers. More than one half of the raw fibers imported in the United States are employed

PSM V54 D035 Florida sisal hemp plant.jpg
A Florida Sisal Hemp Plant.

in the manufacture of rope and small twine, or bagging for baling the cotton crop. Cordage is manufactured chiefly from the Manila and Sisal hemps, the former derived from the Philippine Islands, the latter from Yucatan. Some jute is also used in this industry, though the fiber is more largely employed in bagging; and some common hemp, such as is grown in Kentucky, is also used.

We can not produce Manila hemp in the United States, and this substance will always hold its own for marine cordage. Jute will grow to perfection in many of the Southern States, but it is doubtful